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Kasey2004 Flashcards

Chapter 9

kidneys part of the urinary system; have the role of filtering the blood by removing waste products, such as urea, uric acid, and creatinine from the body system and producing urine
urinary bladder storage reservoir for the urine
urethra small tube leading from the bladder out of the body
homeostasis state of balance and stable internal environment
ren/o kidney
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
cyst/o urinary bladder, cyst, sac of fluid
vesic/o urinary bladder, cyst, sac of fluid
lith/o stone, calculus
pyelo/o renal pelvis
nephr/o kidney
urin/o urine
hemat/o blood
hem/o blood
noct/o night
py/o pus
olig/o few/diminished
ur/o urine
glomerul/o glomerulus
lys/o breakdown
an without
a without
dys abnormal, painful, difficult
poly many
hyper excessive
dia through
ic pertaining to
al pertaining to
ole small
emia blood condition
scope instrument for viewing
iasis condition
itis inflammation
ectomy surgical removal of
cele hernia, protrusion
scopy process of viewing
tripsy crushing
uria urine
osis abnormal condition
graphy process of recording
renal artery supplies each of the kidneys with its blood supply
renal cortex outer region of the kidney
urine liquid form of waste in the body
nephrons blood filtering mechanisms that form urine
renal medulla middle or inner region of the kidney
renal pelvis inner region of the kidney
ureters long narrow muscular tubes through which urine flows from the kidney to the bladder
urethral meatus external opening which is found anterior to the vaginal opening and carries only urine
urination process where urine is expelled from the body
micturition process where urine is expelled from the body
voiding process where urine is expelled from the body
glomerulus cluster of capillaries in the kidneys where the urine formation begins
Bowman's capsule membrane that surrounds the glomerulus
tubular reabsorption process by which water, sugar, and salts are returned to the bloodstream
tubular secretion process of transferring substances such as potassium and hydrogen from the blood into the urine
urologist specialist that diagnoses and treats diseases of the urinary system
urology the study of the urinary system
nephrologist diagnoses and treats disorders of the kidneys
nephrology the study of the kidneys
nephrolithiasis presences of stones in the kidneys
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
renal failure kidneys stop functioning partially or completely
anuria abnormal condition, no urine formation
dysuria painful urination
cystocele hernia of the urinary bladder through the vaginal wall
diuresis secreting large amounts of urine
hematuria blood in the urine
glomerulonephritis inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidneys
nephromegaly enlargement of the kidneys
nocturia excessive urination at night
urinary retention inability to empty the urinary bladder
pyuria pus in the urine
pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
ureterorrhagia discharge of blood from the ureter
urinary tract infection (UTI) urinary infections that begin in the bladder
urethralgia pain in the urethra
polyuria pain in the urethra
incontinence inability to control excretory functions
urinary incontinence inability to control the voiding of urine
cystography process of recording an x-ray of the urinary bladder
cystoscopy visual examination of the interior of the urinary bladder
hemodialysis procedure to filter blood when the kidneys are not functioning
intravenous pyelography (IVP) x-ray study of the kidneys, bladder, urethra and ureters by injecting a contrast medium into a vein to assist in visualization
catheterization insertion of a sterile catheter through the urethra into the urinary bladder to collect urine
urinalysis (UA) examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements
blood urea nitrogen (BUN) blood test to determine the amount urea in the blood
24 hour urine specimen collecting of all of the urine excreted by a patient in a 24 hour period
urine culture urine specimen that is checked for the presence of bacteria
KUB x-ray of the lower abdomen to check the size, shape, and location of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder
cystectomy surgical removal of all or part of the bladder
lithotomy surgical incision to remove a stone
urethroplasty surgical repair of the urethra
kidney transplant grafting of a donor kidney into the body to replace a persons failing kidney
lithotripsy destruction of a kidney stone by using ultrasonic waves that travel through water
Created by: Kasey2004