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Funeral History QIII


the study of past events and cultures and their influence on present conditions, usually through the use of written records history
the study of certain beliefs and cultures relating to funeral service history of funeral service
an object made by design artifact
artifacts buried with the deceased grave goods
universal beliefs by all cultures (5) survival after death, careful and reverent care for the deceased, physical separation of the dead from the living, ambivalent feelings of love, respect, and fear for the dead, distinctions based on social class or wealth
in Egyptian culture, the direction which was the abode of the dead west
a city of the dead necropolis
a system of beliefs, ceremonies, and images regarding Osiris as the Judge of the Underworld cult of Osiris
the Egyptian god of embalming Anubis
the Egyptian belief of the soul which came and went from the tomb and the body Ba
the Egyptian belief of the impersonal life force which left the body at death, if the body decomposes, this part also ceased to exist Ka
the text which would guide a deceased on their way to the Hall of Judgment Book of the Dead
original Egyptian mummification and burial directly in the sand
second form of Egyptian burial, for a richer class of people only mastaba
mastaba means bench
Egyptian embalming took place at the peak of which kingdom? new kingdom
naturally available salts in Egyptian landscape, used as primary preservation chemical in mummification natron
historian who recorded the mummification process Herodotus
head priest of embalming who wore the mask of Anubis kher-heb
the preparation room, located on the west bank of the NIle wabt
viscera would be embalmed separately from the body in Egyptian mummification, true or false? true
the internal organs of an Egyptian deceased would be placed in what? canopic jars
Egyptian coffins placed in these outer stone containers sarcophagi
sarcophagus means flesh eater/flesh swallower
tomb type which was cut into the rock, means underneath the earth hypogea
tomb type which was a courtyard with tomb chambers all around it, aka "row tomb" saff tomb
Egyptian action figures placed in the tomb, which would come to life to serve the deceased ushabtis
the first culture to devise a method to preserve the dead Egyptian
culture which first established coffin, OBCs, entombment, funeral banquet, floral tributes, and funeral vehicles Egyptian
one of the river boundaries of Hades Styx
the ferryman who would take deceased across the River Styx Charon
you pay Charon this sum of money to take you across the river obol
in Hades, sent to this place if you particularly offended a god Tartarus
in Hades, the union of the soul with the gods, sent here if you pleased a god (sexually) or if you were physically attractive Elysian Fields
Greek cult which revered the physical reunion with the gods, and the ascent into the afterlife cult of Dionysus
Greek cult which revered fertility and the goddess of growth cult of Demeter
Greek religions hidden from all except members, secret ceremonies mystery religions
first culture to introduce cremation Greek
why was cremation popular in Greek culture: because of belief or geography? geography
how long was an ancient Greek visitation two days
Greek tomb: monolith-square, rectangular with a round set piece scene of mourners or a portrait stela
Greek tomb: round columns with bust or statue on top kiones
Greek tomb: box like container, hollow inside for urn placement with inscription around the box trapazae
Greek tomb: decorated to look like a miniature Greek temple naidia
Roman belief that at death the life force left the body but hung around where the body was buried animism
Roman group who had a fear of death, no belief in the survival of the soul after death Epicureans
did Romans ever bury within city walls? no
Roman underground tunnels around the city in the valleys for burial catacombs
comes from the Greek meaning reed basket coffin
Roman father of the modern secular FD Libitudinarious
Roman person who did a low form of embalming, low in status Pollinctor
Roman general assistant who organized the funeral procession Designator
Roman announcer of the funeral on the streets Praeco
Roman hired women to mourn Conclamatus mortis
Roman torchlight processions funeralis
Roman laudation at the site of burial eulogy
after Constantine, laws against luxurious funerals, and how much you could spend sumptuary laws
after Constantine, what group took over who was buried and how? the church
when did Constantine take rule of Roman empire? 4th century
the Hebrew shadowy underworld Sheol
Christian belief body is recreated at some point as new and improved resurrection
Christian belief that this is a temporary state, a sleep in peace until resurrection death
before the Black Plague, Christians buried in churchyard cemeteries
pandemic in the 1300s which reduced European population by one half Black Plague
early Christian: pay a fee each year to ensure a decent burial Poor Soul's Guild
early Christian: pay a fee for masses in deceased name and repose for perpetuity
person in charge of a cemetery, an officer of the Christian church, custodian of church property sexton
wax cloth wrapped around the medieval Christian body, elaborate ways of tying knots perhaps to indicate social class cere cloth
became an organized and powerful group of people with strict domain over the right o embalm barber-surgeons
in Mediterranean culture, who washes the body and cleans the bones? women
who were the first to institute cremation? Greeks
when did wooden coffins become popular? 18th century
what two groups DID NOT cremate? Egyptians and Hebrews
culture to first have secular funeral director Romans
which religious group always emphasizes strict simplicity in burial Christians
Scandinavian culture is best known for sending their deceased out on boats
Created by: amyziolkowski