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CH 6&7 Test Review

Chapters 6 & 7: Legislative & Executive Branch

people represented by members of Congress Constituent
person hired by private groups to influence government decision-makers Lobbyist
an oddly shaped district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group Gerrymander
to accuse officials of misconduct in office impeach
to talk a bill to death; can be ended by a cloture filibuster
an unrelated amendment that is tacked on to a bill rider
population count taken every ten years census
the right of members of Congress to send work-related mail without paying postage Franking Privilege
government project or grant that primarily benefits a particular home district or state pork barrel projects
# of members in the House 435
# of members in the Senate 100
How do we determine the number of representatives each state recieves in the House? Based on the state's population. Will be recalculated after each census.
Qualifications of Representatives 25 yrs old, 7 yrs citizen
Qualifications of Senator 30 yrs old, 9 yrs citizen
How long is a Representatives term? 2 yrs
How long is a Senators term? 6 yrs
Who is the leader of the House? Speaker
Who would assume the presidency if both the president and vice president died? Speaker
Who is the official leader of the Senate? He only votes to break a tie. Vice President
A president can kill legislation by doing nothing for 10 days while Congress is not in session, in a move known as a .... pocket veto
Committees that are created to help the House and Senate agree on the details of a proposed law are ___________________ committees. Conference
Who controls the schedule of bills in the House? Rules Committee
11. The permanent committees in the House and Senate that continue their work from session to session are called ________________ committees. Standing
Which house can allow riders to a bill? Senate
Where do all tax bills and other measures to raise money begin? House
Who has the sole power to impeach officials? House
Who must approve presidential treaties? Senate
Which house is allowed to use filibusters? Senate
Which house chooses the president if no candidate receives a majority of the electors? House
How long is a term of Congress? 2 yrs
Congress is considered __________________ because its divided into two houses. bicameral
a rule or command that has the force of law executive order
declaration of forgiveness and freedom from punishment pardon
an order to delay a person's punishment reprieve
a pardon toward a group of people amnesty
an official representative of a country's government ambassador
an agreement among a froup of nations that prohibits them from trading with a target nation embargo
group of advisers to the president cabinet
a formal agreement between the governments of two or more countries treaty
a group of people who elect the president and vice president Electoral College
What are the three requirements needed to be president of the U.S.? 35 yrs old, native born citizen, and a resident of the U.S. for 14 yrs
Who has the power to declare war? Congress
By what margin must the Senate approve a treaty with another nation? 2/3
Who is the president's closest and most powerful political advisor? chief of staff
President Garfield's assassination led to the passage of what act creating the civil service system? Pendleton Act
Who is the only president to serve more than two terms in office? Franklin Roosevelt
Who is the only president ever to resign office? Richard Nixon
Which amendment limits a presiodent to only two terms in office or a maximum of 10 years? 22nd Amendment
Which amendment allows for seperate ballots for voting for the president and vice president? 12th Amendment
The most important job of the president is to carry out the nation's laws as... Chief Executive
Created by: tsparks