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Anatomy and Physiology

Each of the following is known to help prevent infection Hair in the nose, Mucous Membranes, Saliva and Tears (not osteoblast)
Each of the following mature cells has a nucleus... Lymphocyte, Monocyte, Basophil, and Neutrophil (not erythrocyte)
What is the flexible connective tissue that is attached to bones at the joint? Cartilage
Each of the following is located in the Mediastinum The Aorta, esophagus, heart and trachea (not the pancreas)
Which body cavity is the pituitary gland located in The Cranial Cavity
What describes the body's ability to maintain it's normal state Homeostasis
What is the name of the body part that closes and seals off the lower airway during swallowing The Epiglottis
What is located beneath the diaphragm in the right upper quadrant of the abdominal cavity The Liver
What anatomical region of the abdomen lies just distal to the sternum? The Epigastric
What are the names of the cavities that are separated by the diaphragm? The Thoracic and abdominal
What is the motion of bending the forearm toward the body called? Flexion
What is the position called when a patient is lying face down Prone
If the foot is abducted, it is moved in which direction? Outward
The anatomic location of the spinal canal is Dorsal (Back)
What is the structural fibrous protein found in the dermis called? Collagen
A fracture in which the radius is bent but not displaced, and the skin is intact is called A closed greenstick fracture
What is the large bone found superior to the patella and inferior to the ischium called The Femur
If an x-ray of the fibula is ordered, what part of the body will be x-rayed The Lower Leg
A disorder characterized by uncontrollable episodes of falling asleep called Narcolepsy
The point at which an impulse is transmitted from one neuron to another is call Synapse
What is the body part called that controls body temp, sleep and appetite called Hypothalamus
The cranial nerve that is related to the sense of smell is called the Olfactory nerve
What substance aids the transmission of nerve impulses Acetylcholine
The Carotid pulse is located On the anterior side of the neck
If a patient sustains severe blunt trauma to the left upper abdomen, what body organ would most likely be involved The Spleen
Where is the sinoatrial node located? In the upper wall of the right atrium
Blood flows from the right ventricle of the heart into the Pulmonary Arteries
Oxygenated blood is carried to the heart by the Pulmonary veins
The thoracic cage is a structural unit inportant for Respiration
Exhaled air contains more______ that inhaled air Carbon Dioxide
In the lungs, gas exchange occurs in tiny-one celled air sacs called Alveoli
Bile enters the gastrointestinal tract at the Duodenum
The ______ is not a segment of the large intestine Ileum
What is the incompetence of the esophageal sphincter called Gastroesophageal reflux disease
What organ removes bilirubin from the blood, manufactures plasma proteins and in involved with the production of prothrombin and fibrinogen The Liver
What is the name of the accessory organ of the gastrointestinal system that is responsible for secreting insulin Pancreas
What is the lymphoid organ that is a reservoir for red blood cells and filters organisms from the blood? Spleen
The process whereby the stomach muscles contract to propel food through the digestive tract is called Peristalsis
Saliva contains an enzyme that acts upon Starch
In Men, specimens for gonococcal cultures are most commonly obtained from what body part The urethra
The cluster of blood capillaries found in each nephron is the Glomerulus
What is that conditions called that is characterized by the presence of kidney stones Nephrolithiasis
In men, what is the structure that is located at the neck of the bladder and surrounds the urethra called Prostate
Where are mens hormones produced In the Testes
What are the mucus producing glands on each side of the vaginal called Bartholin's Glands
Fertilization of the ovum by a spermatozoon occurs in the Fallopian tube
Calcium, potassium and sodium are classified as Electorlytes
What is the master gland of the endocrine system The Pituitary
What disease would be treated with injections of vitamin B-12 Pernicious anemia
Created by: kimmykoolbeans