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Food -- technical

hospitality and hygene (food tech)

What are the main functions of protein in the body? To grow and repair.
What are proteins made up of? Amino acids.
Amino acids combine together to make... Hormones, enzymes and cell membranes.
How many essential amino acids can the body not make? 9
The essential amino acids the body cannot make are found in... animal tissue and soya beans.
Animal tissue and soya beans are said to have... High Biological Value.
Proteins found in most plant sources have... Low Biological Value.
The source of Casein protein is... Milk and cheese
The source of Gluten protein is... Wheat
The source of Lactalbumin is... Milk
The source of Albumin is... Milk and egg
The source of Collagen is... connective tissue in meat and fish
What are 'alternative proteins'? a substitute for animal protein.
Why might Muslims eat alternative protein? it is against their religion to eat meat
Why might Vegetarians eat alternative proteins? They don't eat animal products
Why might people conscious about their weight eat alternative proteins? They know it is healthier than animal proteins.
What is TVP made from? Soya beans.
What is Tofu and bean curd made from? Soya beans.
What is Quorn made from? Mylo-protein (mushrooms)
What is Tivall made from? Wheat and vegetable protein
Where is Vitamin D found? fatty fish and eggs, or food found under the skin.
What does Vitamin D do? Aids absorption of Calcium in the small intestine to ensure strong teeth and bones.
Where is Vitamin A found? Retinol: Liver, eggs, butter and fish oils. Carotene: Yellow and orange fruits and vegetables.
What does Vitamin A do? Helps bones grow, aids night vision, forms linings in the body, including cell membranes.
Where is vitamin E found? Vegetable oils, nuts, seeds, cereals and egg yolk.
What does Vitamin E do? Keeps lungs and red cells healthy.
Where is Vitamin C found? Citrus fruits, strawberries, blackcurrants, tomatoes, green vegetables.
What does Vitamin C do? protects against allergies and infection. Helps absorb calcium and iron from food.
Where is Vitamin B found? Cereals, yeast, meat, fish, eggs and other dairy products
What does Vitamin B do? Thiamin: releases energy from fats Riboflavin: releases energy from food Niacin: forms part of an enzyme which releases energy.
Where is Vitamin K found? found in liver and foods such as leafy green vegetables.
What does Vitamin K do? aids blood clotting. Regulates quantity of Calcium in the blood.
Where is Calcium found? milk cheese and white bread.
What does Calcium do? gives hardness and strength to bones and teeth
Where is Sodium found? In fish. Found also in manufactured foods
What does Sodium do? preserve foods like bacon and smoked fish.
Where is Phosphorus found? most plant and animal cells
What does Phosphorus do? aids the formation of teeth and bones.
Where is Fluoride found? Seafood
What does Fluoride do? helps calcium stay in bones and teeth.
Where is Iron found? Liver, kidney, corned beef, plain chocolate.
What does Iron do? transports Oxygen round the body
Where is Potassium found? Yeast extract, dried fruit
What does Potassium do? Allows nerves and muscles to work.
Where is Iodine found? Seafood, Seaweed, milk, meat and eggs
What does Iodine do? Needed to make the nervous system of a fetus. Used to make connective tissue.
Created by: phillilah