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Astronaut Test

What is Project Mercury? to investigate mans ability to survive and perform in the space enviroment; second to develop the basic space technology and hardware for manned space flight programs to come. Capacity:1
What is project Gemini? 2 missions, practice rendezvousing two space craft, Agena Target Vehicle, have an astronaut complete a succesful space walk. Capacity:2
Alan Shepard May 5, 1961 first american in space
John Glenn Feburuary 20, 1962 first american to orbit the earth
Ed White June 3, 1965 first american to walk in space
March 16, 1966 first succesful docking with the Agena Target Vehicle during the Gemini 8 mission
How many steps were there on the Saturn 5? three stages
How many men walked on the mooon? 12
What is the tour of the Space suits? unprotected in space, the gases in the human body would expand and the body liquids would boil.
What is the Apollo Space Suit? worn on the moon by Apollo 16 Astronaut Charles Duke, is designed to allow the astronaut to move free from the spacecraft. A portable life support systaem (PLSS) contained inside the backpack supplies the astronaut with the life support needs.
Whats the Manned Maneuvering Unit is a self-contained backpack unit allowing the individual astronaut to fly free in space. The FSS also acts as a service station for the MMU.
Abort to end the mission short of it's objective. An orbitis usually caused by some malfunction or emergency.
Airlock a chamber used to ajust pressure for passage between one area and another; for example, between the Orbiter and the outside space enviroment.
Blackout the loss of radio signal(LOS)during entry caused by passage of the Orbiter through the atmosphere, creating shock waves and ionization. Also, ythe loss of conciousness from excessive G-Force.
deorbit burn the firing of a retro-rocket to slow the space craft to a speed lower than that required to maintain orbit. On the Orbiter, this is accomplished with the orbiter manuvering system (OMS) engines.
extravehicular activity work done outside of the pressurized part of the space craft; a spacesuit is worn.
G-Force force produced on the body by changes in velocity; measured in increments of earths gravity.
hypersonic refers to speed above Mach5-five times the speed of sound.
microgravity the term used to describe the speed of objects relative to the speed of dound. For example Mach2 is twice the speed of sound.
orbit the balance between a body's inertia, or tendency to fly off into space, and the gravitational attraction of a central object.
parcial pressure in a container of mixed gases, each gas exerts a fraction of the total pressure. The partial pressure proportionate to the amount of each gas in the mixture.
pitch up-down rotation of the nose of the craft.
roll to rotate about an axis from front to back (nose to tail) of the Orbiter. To the pilot, the roll is like a cartwheel.
rotation movement of the Orbiter around it's three principal axes producing pitch, yaw or roll.
rudder a control surface of the vertical stabilizer (tail) to control yaw.
thrust the force created by a rocket engine.
vertical stabilizer the "tail" or the aircraft containing the rudder and the speed brake.
yaw left-right rotation of the nose of the craft.
A/G air to ground
APU auxilliary power unit
EMK emergency medical kit
EMU extravehicular mobility unit
ET external tank
EVA extravehicular activity
LCC launch control center
LOS loss of signal
MCC-H mission control center at Houston
MET mission elapsed time
MMU manned manuvering unit
OMS orbital manuvering system
PLSS portable life support system
POS portable oxygen system
RMS remote manipulator system
SRB solid rocker booster
1.What is the Space Shuttle Mission? composed of the orbiter, an external tank that contains all the propellant used by orbiters 3 main engines, and 2 rocket boosters. both reusable, External tank expended on each launch. liftoff, rocket boosters and the orbiter fire together.rocket boosters
What is the Shuttle Stack? 1.External Tank: Marshall Space Flight Center 2.Solid Rocket Boosters: Marshall Space Flight Center 3.Orbiter: Johnson Space Center 4.Space Shuttle Main Engines: Marshall Space Flight Center
What is Robot Manipulator Arm: a long flexible arm that helps manuver cargo.
What is Nose: front point that eases passage through the atmosphere.
What is Tail: helps directional stability during re-entry into the atmosphere.
What is heat shield: dark tile surface on nose and bottom that protects the shuttle from heat caused by friction during high speed re-entry into the atmosphere.
What is cargo bay: area which carries satellites and science equipment.
What is wing: provides lift during re-entry into the atmosphere.
What is engines: rocket engines used for power in space.
What is elevon: provides roll control and up/down control during re-entry into the atmosphere.
Commander: sits in left seat
Pilot: sits in right seat
What is hatch: hatch door leads to an airlock, then outer hatch. This keeps the air in the shuttle from getting lost in space.
What is joystick: used by the pilots to fly the shuttle
What is MMU: manned manuvering unit for jetting around on space walks.
BONUS: the launch is actually started 20 minutes prior to lift off. This is called T minus 20 by mission control and the crew.
2.what is the space shuttle mission? is jettisoned after burnout, recovered by means of a parachute system.during plunge through atmosphere, tank brakes up and falls into preditermined ocean area. After orbital opperations completed, normally about 7 days, deorbiting manuevers are initiated
3.What is the space shuttle mission? the primary shuttle landing facilities are at kennedy and are planned at Vandenburg, with several with several alternate landing sites avalible for contengencies, including Edwards AFB, California used for orbital flight test landing series landings.
Created by: sas0518