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pharmacology vocabu

pharmacology voc.

Anthelmintic: works against intestinal worms
Antitussive: cough suppressant
Oral: by mouth
Intramuscular: into the muscle
Miotic agent: constrict pupils
Anticoagulant: inhibits clot formation
Antipyretic: reduces fever
Anticonvulsant: prevents seizure
Intraperitoneal: into abdominal peritoneal cavity
Subcutaneous: under the skin
Prescription drug: drugs limited in their availability so that a referral from a doctor is needed to obtain them
Rectal: by rectum
Intradermal: into skin layer
Dosage: amount of medication based on units per weight of animal
Antibiotic: inhibits growth of or kills bacteria
Mucolytic: breaks up mucus and reduces viscosity
Viscosity: resistance to flow of a fluid
Neoplasm: abnormal new growth of tissue in animals
Loading dose: large initial dosage of a substance
Malignancy: tendency to progress in virulence
Emetic: induces vomiting
Intravenous: into the vein
Intraarterial: into an artery
Enteral: administered through routes of GI tract
Asepsis: state without infection
Intraocular: within the eye
Controlled substance: drug or chemical whose possession and use is controlled by law
Disinfectant: chemical agent that kills or prevents growth of microorganisms on inanimate objects
Chronotrope: changes heart rate
Efficacy: extent to which a drug causes the intended effects
Dose: amount of medication measured
Pharmacology: study of characteristics and uses of drugs
Anesthetic: produces lack of sensation
Sterilize: destroy organisms including bacterial endospores
Inotrope: affects muscle contraction
Immunosuppressent: prevent or decrease the body's reaction to invasion by disease or foreign material
Antipruritic agent: controls itching
Cytoxic agent: kills or damages cells
Antiemetic: prevents vomiting
Antidiarrheal: prevents diarrhea
Drug: chemical agent that affects living processes
Nonparenteral: administered through GI tract
Percutaneous: through the skin
Intratracheal: into trachea
Intrathecal: within a sheath
Endectocide: kills both internal and external parasites
Mydriatic agent: dilates pupils
Transdermal: across the skin
Antiseptic: kills or prevents growth of microorganisms on living tissue
Antineoplastic agent: treats neoplasms usually against malignancies
Generic drug: medication not protected by a brand name, or trademark
Inhalation: vapors taken in through nose and mouth and absorbed into bloodstream through lungs
Analgesic: substance that relives pain without affecting consciousness
Sublingual: under the tongue
Parenteral: routes other than GI tract
Over the counter drug: medication that may be purchased without a prescription
Intraosseous: into bone medullary cavity
Nebulization: process of making a fine mist; drug administration
Created by: Tenille