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Bone And Musle Test

The spine has _____ Vertebra? 33
Bones are made of what 2 things? Calcium and phosphorous
Name the 5 parts of the Vertebra. Lumbar (5) Sacrum (5) Coccyx (4) Cervical (7) Thoracic (12)
A place in the body where 2 bones come 2gether is a Joint
Condition in which the bodys bones become weak and break easily Osteoporosis
Strong connective tissue that holds bone to bone in a movable joint. Legiment
The 5 units of organization in order in a living thing are? 1 cell 3 tissue 3 organ 4 organ system 5 organisms
How many muscles in the human body? About 600
Name the 2 main parts of the skeleton Axial and Appendicular
3 types of muscles? Smooth, cardiac, and skeletal
When 1 muscle relaxes the partner______ contracts
Why do muscles have to work in pairs? help each other move bones
How to prevent muscle injuries Stretching
Are skeletal muscles voluntary or involuntary? Voluntary
Are Smooth muscles voluntary or involuntary? Involuntary
Are Cardiac muscles voluntary or involuntary? Involuntary
Do skeletal muscles react quickly? Yes
Do smooth muscles react quickly? No
Do Cardiac muscles react quickly? yes
What one type of muscle tires quickly? Skeletal
What is the partner muscle for the solius muscle? gastrocnemeous
Partner muscle of the bicep? tricep
Partner muscle of the hamstring? Quadricep
What is the most active muscle? eye lids
Longest muscle? Where is it located? Sartorious Femur area
Smallest muscle? Where is it located? Stapedeus ear
Strongest Muscle? Messeter
Do bones make blood? yes
Striated means? banded, striped
Process of cartilage becoming bone ossification
Connects Bone to muscle tendon
5 main functions of the skeleton Shape and support, make blood, store minerals, protect organs, and allows movement
2 types of skin? Epidermis dermis
The outer layer of skin is the? epidermis
What is Melanin? A pigment that skin its color and protects the skin from burning in sunlight.
The inner layer of skin is the? dermis
Skin cells produce _____ in the sunlight? vitamin D
In order from the top to the bottom.. Name the 5 parts of the vertebra cervical thoracic lumbar sacrum coccyx
What types of muscles are striated? Skeletal and Cardiac
Why do muscles work in pairs? Muscles cant push. the can only contract or relax to pull the bone 1 way or another
How are muscles attached to bone? By tendons
What are tendons? Strings of tough protein called collagen
How much do my muscles weigh? 40% of your overall body weight Weigh more than bones
Which muscle never rest? Heart (cardiac)
What are muscles made of? 1,000s of cells called muscle fibers- cells bundled together and surrounded by a layer of connective tissue
What are voluntary muscles? Muscles we control by thinking
What are involuntary muscles? automatic muscles
What do smooth muscles do? move food around digestive system
What do cardiac muscles do? Produces the pumping of the heart
Created by: Science8