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LOM Terms Chap4

Terms to practice spelling and learn meaning

adrenal gland endocrine glands located above each kidney that secrete chemicals (hormones) that affect the body's functioning.
antibiotic substance that destroys or inhibits the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria.
antigen a substance, usually foreign to the body, that stimulates the production of antibodies.
antibodies protein substances made by white blood cells in response to the presence of foreign antigens that attach to and destroy the antigens.
jaundice yellow skin pigmentation.
bilirubin a chemical pigment; high levels in the bloodstream caues jaundice.
autoimmune condition where the body makes antibodies against its own good cells and tissues, causing inflammation and injury to one's self.
congenital anomalies irregularity in a structure or organ that an infant is born with, such as webbed fingers or toes and heart defects.
contralateral Opposite side as.
ipsilateral Same side as.
dialysis literally means complete separation. Separating out from the blood the harmful waste products of the body that are normally removed by the urine.
ectopic pregnancy pregnancy where the embryo implants outside the uterus - most often in the fallopian tubes and sometimes on the ovary or within abdominal cavity.
parathyroid glands four endocrine glands located on the dorsal side of the thyroid gland that produce a hormone and function entirely separately from the thyroid gland.
parathyroid hormone chemical created from the parathyroid glands that increase blood calcium and maintains it at a normal level.
prolapse condition where an organ or tissue slides forward or downward from its correct position.
recombinant DNA process of taking a gene from one organism and inserting it (recombining it) into the DNA of another organism.
polymerase chain reaction (PCR) a method of producing multiple copies of a single gene, which is an important tool in recombinant DNA technology.
syndrome a group of signs or symptoms that commonly occur together and indicate a particular disease or abnormal condition.
symbiosis refers to two organisms living together in close association, either for mutual benefit or not.
parasitism an example of symbiosis, occurring when one organism benefits and the other does not.
symphysis a joint in which the bony surfaces are firmly united by a layer of fibrocartilage.
TURP transurethral section of the prostate gland is removal of a portion of the prostate gland with an instrument passed through the urethra.
ultrasonography a diagnostic technique using ultrasound waves (inaudible sound waves) to produce an imaeg or photograph of an organ or tissue.
echocardiograms ultrasound images of the heart.
sonogram a fetal ultrasound image.
Created by: TracyR