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Landforms definition

terms and definitions

a group or chain of islands clustered together in a sea or ocean. archipelago
a ring (or partial ring) of coral that forms an island in an ocean or sea. The coral sits atop a submerged volcanic cone. atoll
a body of water that is partly enclosed by land (and is usually smaller than a gulf). bay
a flat-topped rock or hill formation with steep sides. butte
a steep face of rock and soil. cliff
a low, watery land formed at the mouth of a river. delta
a very dry area. desert
a hill or a ridge made of sand. dune
a long-lasting, slowly-moving river of ice on land. glacier
is where a river meets the sea or ocean. estuary
a narrow strip of land connecting two larger landmasses. An isthmus has water on two sides isthmus
a part of the ocean (or sea) that is partly surrounded by land (it is usually larger than a bay). gulf
a piece of land that is surrounded by water. island
a large body of water surrounded by land on all sides. lake
a type of freshwater, brackish water or saltwater wetland that is found along rivers, pond, lakes and coasts. marsh
a very tall high, natural place on Earth - higher than a hill. mountain
a large, flowing body of water that usually empties into a sea or ocean. river
a large body of salty water that is often connected to an ocean. sea
a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water. strait
is the beginning of a river. source
a type of freshwater wetland that has spongy, muddly land and a lot of water. swamp
a low place between mountains. valley
when a river falls off steeply. waterfall
is a mountainous vent in the Earth's crust. volcano
is a stream or river that flows into a larger river. tributary
a small body of water surrounded by land. It is smaller than a lake. pond
is a body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides. peninsula
are flat lands that have only small changes in elevation. plain
a large, flat area of land that is higher than the surrounding land plateau
a land formation with a flat area on top and steep walls - usually occurring in dry areas. mesa
a natural hot spring that occasionally sprays water and steam above the ground. geyser
a body of water that connects two larger bodies of water. channel
Created by: gwenranderson