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LOM Ch 2 Organize

Medical Terminology Body as a Whole

Cells membrane, nucleus, chromosomes,genes, cytoplasm, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum
catabolism break down of foods in simpler substances and release of energy
anabolism build up of complex materials such as proteins from simpler parts
metabolism combination of anabolism and catabolism
tissues epithelial, muscle, connective, nerve
organs made up of different types of tissues for a specific function
systems groups of organs working together to perform complex functions
digestive mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
urinary kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
respiratory nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, lungs
reproductive ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands or testes, urethra, penis, prostate gland
endocrine tyhroid, pituitary, ovaries, testes, adrenal,pancreas, parathyroid
nervous brain, spinal cord, nerves
circulatory heart, arteries, veins, capillaries, lymphatics, spleen thymus
musculoskeletal muscles, bones, joints
skin and sense organs skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, eye, ear, nose tonge
cranial cavity brain, pituitary gland
thoracic cavity lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus, aorta
division of thoracic cavity pleural, mediastinum
abdominal cavity peritoneum, diphragm
pelvic cavity small and large intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, urethra, ureters, uterus, vagina
spinal cavity nerves of the spinal cord
dorsal cavity cranial and spinal cavities
ventral caviy thoracic, abdominal, pelvic cavities
quadrants RUQ, LUQ RLQ LLQ
Cervical vertebrae from C1-C7
Thoracic vertebrae from T1-T12
Lumbar vertebrae from L1-L5
Sacral five fused bones S1-S5
coccygeal tailbone (usually four fused pieces0
anterior front surface of body
posterior back side of body
proximal near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure
distal far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from beginning of a structure
inferior below
superior above
medial nearer the medial plane
lateral pertaining to the side
supine lying on the back
prone lying on the belly
frontal (coronal) plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
sagittal (lateral) plane lengthwise vertical plane dividing the body into right and left halves
midsagittal plane lengthwise vertical plane dividing the body into EQUAL right and left halves
transverse plane horizontal plane divis the body into upper and lower portions
Created by: cskinner