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Vocabulary Chpt 7

Medicine and Law Section 2

expert witnessess People who provide testimony to a court as experts in certain fields or subjects to verify facts presented by one or both sides in a lawsuit, often compensated and used to refute or disprove the claims of one party.
felony A major crime, such as murder, rape, or burglary; punishable by a more stringent sentence than that given for a misdemeanor.
fine A sum imposed as punishment for an offense; a forfeiture or penalty paid to an injured party or the government in a civil or criminal action.
guardian ad litem Legal representative for a minor.
implied consent Presumed consent, such as when a patient offers an arm for a phlebotomy procedure.
informed consent A consent, usually written, which states understanding of what treatment is to be undertaken and of the risks involved, why it should be done, and alternative methods of treatment available (including no teatment) and their attendant risks.
infractions Breaking the law; minor offenses against the rules, usually punishable by fines.
judicial Of or relating to a judgment, the function of judging, the administration of justice, or the judiciary.
jurisdiction A power constitutionally conferred on a judge or magistrate to decide cases according to law and to carry sentence into execution; jurisdiction is original when it is conferred on the court in the first instance, called original jurisdiction; or appellate
jurisprudence The science or philosophy of law; a system or body of law or the course of court decisions.
law A binding custom or practice of a community; a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforcable by a controlling authority.
liable Obligated according to law or equity; responsible for an act or circumstance.
libel A written defamatory statement or representation that conveys an unjustly unfavorable impression.
litigious Prone to engage in lawsuits.
manifestation Something that is easily understood or recognized by the mind.
misdemeanor A minor crime, as opposed to a felony, punishable by fine or imprisonment in a city or county jail rather than in a penitentiary.
municipal courts Courts that sit in some cities and larger towns and that usually have civil and criminal jurisdiction over cases arising within the municipality.
negligence Failure to exercise the care that a prudent person usually exercises; implies inattention to one's duty or business; implies want of due or necessary diligence or care.
ordinance Authoritative decree or direction; law set forth by a governmental authority-specifically, municipal regulation.
other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) Substances or materials other than blood that have the potential to carry infectious pathogens, such as body fluid, urine, semen, and others.
Created by: hollieritter