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History 9-1

Industrial Revolution

What is the Industrial Revolution? The shift of production from simple hand tools to complex machines and from human and animal power to steam
When did the Industrial Revolution begin? The transformation began in Britain in the mid-1700s and gradually spread across the world
How did most people live in 1750? - Technology was not accessible - Rural - Walked - People grew their own food - Shorter lives - Self-sufficient - Rarely traveled - Insular
How did most people live in 1850? - More technology options available - New inventions discovered, making it easier to grow and plant -Could make transportation vehicles ( trains, steam ships) - Urban - Towns/Cities - Machine made clothes - Bought food/clothes - Apartment buildings
What was the number one cause of the Industrial Revolution? 1.Agricultural revolution: - Dutch built dikes to protect farmland from the sea and used animal fertilizer to improve soil. - British discovered ways to produce more food and invent seed drill - Better food production
What was the second cause of the Industrial Revolution? 2.Population explosion: - People ate better - Woman gave birth to healthier babies - Better medical care slowed death rate - More demand for food
What was third cause of the Industrial Revolution? 3.New technology: - Water wheels powered new machines - Coal was used to fuel steam engines - Faster food production
When was the 1st agricultural revolution? 10,000 BC
When was the 2nd agricultural revolution? 1800s
What were the characteristics that made Britain ripe for industrialization in the 18th century? - Natural ports - Navigable rivers - Water for canals - Access to the sea - Coal - Iron
Where did British entrepreneurs get money? Trade
With whom did the British trade? Americas, Canada, the Caribbean, Africa, India, China, the East Indies, and Egypt
What were some of the items traded? Slaves, cotton, rum, tobacco, gold, tea, spices
Created by: lexy.velasquez