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chap 12 digestive

absorption the passage of substanses across and into tissue
amylase an enzyme that breaks down starch into smaller carbohydrate molecules
bile** a bitter, yellow green secretion of the liver
chyme** the liquidlike material of partially digested food and digestive secretions fornd in the stomach just before it is released into the doudenum.
crown** the part of the toooth that is visible above the gum line
deciduous teeth** the first set or primary teeth; baby teeth
defecation** the act of expelling feces from the rectum through the anus
deglutition swallowing
dietitian** an allied health professional trained to plan nutrition programs for sick as well as healthy people.
digestion** the process of altering the chemical and physical composition of foodso that it can be used by the body cells.
enamel** a hard, white substance that covers the dentin of the crown of a tooth. hardest substance in the body
endocrine gland a gland that secretes its enzymes directly into the blood capillaries instead of being transported by way of ducts
exocrine gland** a gland that secretes its enzymes into a network of tiny ducts that transport it to the surface of and organ or tissue or into a vessel
gastroenterologist** a medical doctor who specializes in the study of the diseases and disorders affecting the gastrointestinal tract
gavage** a procedure in which liquid or semeliquid food is introduced into the stomach through a tube
gingivae** gum tissue
glucagon** a hoormone produced by the alpha cells of the pancreas that stimulates the liver to convert glycogen into glucose when the blood sugarlevel is dangerously low
glucose a simple sugar found in certain foods, especially fruits, and major source of energy occurring in human and animal body fluids
glycogen** a comples sugar (starch) that is the major carbohydrate stored in animal cells. stored in the liver
Created by: tyrantstrick