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Chapter 7

PT - Chapter 7

Another term for germ pathogen
Medications that stimulate the immune system to quickly attack certain pathogens when it enters the body. vaccinations
When your immune system reconizes a pathogen from a previous illness....(chicken pox, measles,mumps) acquired immunity
When a person gets an infection while in a health care setting. health-care associated infection (HAI)
The bacteria staphylococcus aureus causes another hard to kill infection called.... methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
A localized area of pus, full of bacteria, which requires drainage. abscess
Term used for when a bacterium gets into the bloodstream; life-threatening situation. septicemia
Six links in the chain of spreading infections. pathogen, resevoir, portal of exit, transmission, portal of entry, susceptible host
Skin to skin contact, through the air, contact w/object that has the pathogen on it, sharing body fluids, introduction of medical instruments, surgical procedures, contaminated food/water Ways pathogens may be transmitted.
Term which means that most new skills require much effort in the beginning, then things get easier as time goes on. learning curve
2 ways PT aides can avoid dangerous situations... clear communication, ask questions
4 main types of pathogens... bacteria, virus, fungi, parasite
#1 way to protect from spreading infection proper hand washing and hygiene
Gloves, eye protection, mask, cap, face shield, fluid resistant clothing Forms of personal protective equipment
PPE personal protective equipment
Type of pathogen: One celled organism that multiply by dividing; often produce toxins (poisons); usually require antibiotics; staph & strep infections.... bacteria
A person who is likely to get sick if they come into contact w/a pathgen... susceptible host
When your body kills a pathogen before it multiplies enough to make you sick.... immune
Pathogens are killed. sterilization
Type of pathogen: To multiply they must get inside your cells; measles, chicken pox, AIDS, commom cold, influenza; do not respond to antibiotics; own immune system is main defense; antiviral meds sometimes used virus
Type of pathogen: reproduce by growing buds that break off original cell; long thin cells called hyphae fungi
Type of pathogen: multicelled organisms that invade human; tapeworms, pinworms, roundworms, reproduce by laying eggs; may be single celled (ex. protozoa); meds used to treat parasite
Protecting yourself & patients from catching infections is called.... infection control
Cleaning agents disinfectants
When pathogens are moved... transmission
When pathogens are moved to another host through open sore, nose, mouth.... Portal of entry
Pathogens live in or on areas that have moisture....these areas are called... resevoirs
When pathogens leave the body through body fluids... Portal of exit
Created by: sabrinaharbour