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CPC Study - Respiratory System

What is the respiratory system's primary function? supplies oxygen to body and helps clean body of waste (carbon dioxide)
Another name for turbinates: conchae
The pharynx contains: nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryingopharynx
The upper respiratory tract consists of: nose, sinuses, turbinates, pharynx, larynx
The lower respiratory tract consists of: trachea, segmental bronchi, bronchioles, alveolar ducts, lungs
The 4 pairs of sinuses: frontal, ethmoid, maxillary, sphenoid
3 divisions of conchae: inferior, middle, superior
Where are the adenoids found? nasopharynx
Where are the tonsils found? oropharynx
What does the larynx contain? cartilages of laryinx, thyroid, epiglottis, arytenoid
Alveoli sacs of simple squamous cells found at the ends of alveolar ducts
These are the body's primary gas-exchange units: alveolar ducts
Hilium medial survade of lung where pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins, nerves, lymphatics, bronchial tubes enter and exit
How many lobes does each lung contain? Left contains 2, right contains 3
Ablation removal or destruction by cutting, chemicals or electrocautery
Apnea cessation of breathing
Asphyxia lack of oxygen
Asthma shortness of breath caused by contraction of bronchi
Atelectasis incomplete expansion of lung; collapse
Auscultation listening to sounds
Bacillus rod0-shaped bacterium
Cordectomy surgical removal of vocal cords
Croup acute viral infection (obstruction of larynx), stridor
Cyanosis blueish discoloration
Dysphonia speech impairment
Dyspnea difficulty breathing
Emphysema loss of elasticity and enlargement of alveoli
Epistaxis nose bleed
Glottis true vocal cords
Hemoptysis bloody sputum
This is a congenital abnormality of connective tissue between vocal cords: laryngeal web
Lavage washing out
Nasal Button synthetic circular disc used to cover a hole in the nasal septum
Orthopnea difficulty breathing, relieved by assuming an upright position
Pneumonolysis surgical separation of lung from chest wall to allow lung to collapse
Pulmonary embolism thrombus lodged in pulmonary artery or one of its branches
Sarcoidosis chronic inflammatory disease with nodules developing in lungs, lymph nodes, other organs
Segmentectomy surgical removal of the smaller subdivisions of lobes of a lung
Tachypnea quick, shallow breathing
Total Pneumonectomy removal of an entire lung
Hypercapnia increased carbon dioxide in arterial blood
Hypoxemia reduced oxygenation of arterial blood
ARDS Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome: acute injury to alveolocapillary membrane
Pulmonary Edema fluid in lung tissue
3 most common types of atelectasis: adhesive, compression, obstruction
3 causes of absorption atelectasis: foreign body, tumor, abnormal external pressure
Bronchiectasis chronic, irreversible dilation of bronchi
Respiratory Acidosis decreased level of pH due to excess retention of carbon dioxide
Pneumothorax air collected in pleural cavity
Pneumoconiosis dust particles or other particulate matter in lung
3 common types of pneumoconiosis: coal, asbestos, fiberglass
3 common types of pleural effusion: hemothorax (hemorrhage), empyema (pus), exudate (leftover fluid from infection)
Cor Pulmonale hypertrophy or failure of right ventricle
Another name for pleuritis: pleurisy
4 common types of URI: common cold, croup, sinusitis, laryngitis
COPD irreversible airway obstruction that decreases expiration
Created by: dropgallow