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# ADHI Ch10

### Numbers

Question | Answer |
---|---|

most numerals used in medicine are expressed as __ numbers | arabic |

general rule is to use arabic numerals unless | roman numerals are specified or strong documentation that preferred form is roman |

0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 | arabic numerals |

do not use periods; capital letters used except in special circumstances; lowercase are used as page numbers for preliminary material in a book & for formal outlining in publication | roman numerals |

when a letter following a letter of greater value, in roman numerals, it | increases value of preceding letter |

when letter precedes a letter of greater value, in roman numerals, it | diminishes the value of following letter |

a bar over a roman numeral letter indicates | multiplication by 1000 |

roman numerals are used for __ designation for psychiatric diagnoses | axis |

__ numerals are used for Billroth anastomosis | roman |

roman numerals are used for blood __ | factors |

roman numerals are used for __ stages | cancer |

roman numerals are used for __ __ __ for Legg-Perthes disease | Catterall hip score |

roman numerals are used for Clark levels for __ __ | malignant melanoma |

roman numerals are used for __ nerves | cranial |

roman numerals are used for __ classification for hip dysplasia | Crowe |

roman numerals are used for __ ulcers | decubitus |

roman numerals are used for EKG standard __ __ | bipolar leads |

roman numerals are used for LeFort classifications of __ __ | facial fractures |

roman numerals are used for Mallampati-Samsoon __ assessment | airway |

roman numerals are used for __ __ of olecranon fractures | Mayo classifications |

roman numerals are used for Neer staging for __ __ | shoulder impingement |

roman numerals are used for Neer-Horowitz classifications of __ | fractures |

roman numerals are used for NY Heart Association (NYHA) classification of __ __ | heart failure |

roman numerals are used for Ranchos Los Amigos cognitive __ scale | function |

roman numerals are __ __ Salter & Salter-Harris classifications of fractures | used for |

roman numerals are used for Schatzker classification of __ __ fractures | tibial plateau |

roman numerals are used for __, people, & animals | wars |

used to indicate order/position in a series rather than quantity | ordinal numbers |

in formal publication & correspondence, preference for all numbers, incl ordinals, is to __ __ __ 1st-9th & use __ for 10 & up | spell them out |

in health record, all ordinals should be __ __ __ to promote clarity of communication | expressed in numerals |

do not use __ with ordinal numbers | period |

use a period with numeric values to separate | whole number from decimal fraction |

use a period with numeric values after numbers to enumerate in a __, unless numbers are enclosed in __ | list; parentheses |

use a comma with numeric values to separate groups of __ __ in numbers of 5 digits or more, unless __ are used | 3 numerals; decimals |

comma in __ numbers may be omitted | 4-digit |

use a comma with numeric values to separate adjacent __ numbers, if neither can be expressed readily in __ | unrelated; words |

use a comma with numeric values to separate year from __ __ __ when full date is expressed | rest of sentence |

do not use a comma btwn words __ a number | expressing |

do not use a comma when only __ and year are given in a date | month |

use a colon with __ __ of time | standard expressions |

use a colon to separate volume number & page numbers in | footnotes, endnotes, & cited sources |

do not use colon in expression of __ time | military |

use hyphens w/numeric expressions to form __ __ btwn number & English word/nonmetric unit if it precedes & modifies noun | compound modifier |

use hyphens w/numeric expressions when expressing numbers __ __ - compound numbers btwn 21-99, whether stand alone or are part of number over __ | in words; 100 |

use hyphens w/numeric expressions of __ numbers, in medical record numbers, social security numbers, etc | serial |

use hyphens w/numeric expressions to express __ numbers that combined w/whole numbers whether spelled out/expressed w/numerals | fractional |

express numerals of 5 digits/more by using __ to separate numerals in groups of threes, but omit if __ are used | commas; decimals |

use words/figures for numbers in __ __, according to entity's preference | proper names |

keep a numeral and unit of measure __ at line breaks | together |

when large number rounded by use of words million or billion, number should be | expressed w/combination of numerals & words |

when large number is used in a range expression, unit should be | repeated to avoid ambiguity |

when decimal expression (such as four point two thousand) are combined w/word hundred, thousand, million, or billion, numerals may be transcribed | 4.2 thousand or 4200 |

when decimal expression (such as five point eight million) are combined w/word hundred, thousand, million, or billion, numerals may be transcribed | 5.8 million or 5,800,000 |

when 2 numbers are consecutive __ __ __ to avoid confusion | spell out one |

spell out numbers that __ __ __, or recast sentence | begin a sentence |

a(n) __ __ that begins a sentence does not need to be spelled out, but better to __ sentence if possible | complete year; recast |

spell out number __ when used a noun/pronoun | one |

spell out __ numeric expressions | nonspecific/indefinite; i.e. she described hundreds of symptoms |

always spelled out when it stands alone as a general expression; when combined w/classification description/unit of measure, numeral should be used to express value | zero (0) |

use numerals to express __, except at beginning of sentence | ages |

when author dictates in clipped format & begins sentence with reference to patient's age transcriptionist should | recast sentence or write out number |

use hyphens to form compound modifier when patient's age is expressed as __, whether noun following it is __ or __ | modifier; expressed; implied |

do not __ patient's age when used a general descriptor & is not compound modifier | hyphenate |

use numerals plus s (do not use apostrophe ' ) in general reference to | patient's age by decade |

term used to indicate diameter of bullet in hundredths of an inch | caliber |

a bullet that is 30 hundredths of an inch in __ is called "30 caliber" & is expressed in writing as .30-caliber | diameter |

express calibers with a(n) __ __ followed by arabic numerals and a(n) __ when preceding & modifying a noun | decimal point; hyphen |

when anatomic position is described in terms of __ __ as seen by viewer, use o'clock | clock-face orientation |

do not transcribe o'clock as a(n) | expression of time |

__ the clock-face expression since it forms compound modifier preceding & modifying the word __ | hyphenate; position |

if word position is not dictated but position, and not time, is clearly implied, transcribe | full expression to avoid confusion |

when clock-face orientation is expressed as a(n) __ __, omit word o'clock even if dictated | partial hour |

when sequence of month, day, year are given, set off __ by commas | year |

do not use __ when expressing month, day, year sequence | ordinals |

if month, day, year sequence stands alone on reports, as admission/discharge dates, | do not use punctuation after year |

use ordinal numbers when day of month __ month and is preceded by the word __ | precedes; the |

__ use commas when day of month precedes month, and is preceded by the word the | don't |

do not use ordinals in __ format | month/day/year |

when military date-style is used the __ precedes the __ | day; month |

when military date-style is used, __ are used but do not use __ | numerals; commas |

when military date-style is used write out or abbreviate month (without periods) & use | arabic figures for day & year |

when only an occasional date is referenced, it is preferable to spell out date in body of a report by | writing out name of month & using four digits for the year |

when dates are used frequently, throughout a report, they should be expressed as | numerals separated by virgules |

when using virgule to express dates, preference is to express __ __, no just the last 2 digits; important for clarity when expressing birth/historical dates occurring in either 20th/21st century | full year |

when only month & day are dictated add the year if | only you are certain what year is being referred to |

divide dates at end of line of text between | day and year |

avoid dividing dates at end of line of text between | month and day |

in decimals, use numerals to express __ __ | decimal amounts |

in decimals, use period as | decimal point/indicator |

always use decimal form with __ units of measure, even when they are dictated as a(n) __ | metric; fraction |

do not use decimal form with __ units of measure, instead use __ | nonmetric; fractions |

when originator uses fraction that cannot be exactly translated into decimals | transcribe as dictated |

use decimal form with nonmetric forms of measure when | precise measurement is intended and fraction form would be inexact |

__ __ __ places may follow the decimal | tow or more |

when whole numbers are dictated, do not ass | decimal point and trailing zero |

when decimal point and zero are dictated following a whole number to emphasize preciseness of a(n) __ (i.e. of pathology specimen/lab value) transcribe as dictated | measurement |

for quantities less than one, place a(n) | zero before decimal point |

for quantities less than one, do not place a zero before decimal point when | number could never equal (i.e. in bullet calibers & certain statistical expressions such as correlation coefficients & statistical probability) |

Created by:
Linnette Francois