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CPC Study - Hemic and Lymphatic System

What is the lymphatic system comprised of? lymph nodes, vessels, organs
What is lymph? colorless fluid containing lymphocytes and monocytes
What does lymph do? transports interstitial fluids and proteins that have leaked from blood system into venous system, absorbs and transports fats from villi of small intestine to venous system, assists in immune function
Name the lymph organs: lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, thymus, tonsils, Peyer's patches
What is a Peyer's patch? lymphoid tissue on mucosa of small intestine
Where is the spleen located? LUQ of abdomen
What does the spleen do? stores and filters blood; activates lymphocytes and B cells to filter antigens
Where are stem cells produced? bone marrow
Axillary nodes lymph nodes located in armpit
Cloquet's node (gland) highest of deep groin lymph nodes
Inguinofemoral referring to groin and thigh
Lymph node station along lymphatic system
Lymphadenectomy excision of lymph node(s)
Lymphadenitis inflammation of a lymph node
Lymphangiography radiographic recording of lymphatic vessels and nodes
Lymphangiotomy incision into a lymphatic vessel
Lymphangitis inflammation of lymphatic vessel(s)
This produces a hormone to mobilize calcium from bones to blood: parathyroid
Splenoportography radiographic procedure to allow visualization of splenic and portal veins of spleen
Thoracic duct largest lymph vessel which collects lymph from portions of body below diaphragm and from left side of body above diaphragm
Anemia reduction in number of erythrocytes or decrease in quality of hemoglobin
Aplastic Anemia anemia characterized by bone marrow failure with reduced numbers of red and white cells and platelets
Iron Deficiency Anemia anemia characterized by small erythrocytes and a reduced amount of hemoglobin - caused by low iron stores
Pernicious Anemia megaloblastic anemia (large stem cells) - inability to absorb vitamin B12, due to lack of intrinsic factor (found in gastric juices)
Hemolytic Anemia anemia characterized by shortened survival of mature erythrocytes - excessive destruction of RBC
Sickle Cell Anemia abnormal sickle-shaped erythrocytes caused by an abnormal type of hemoglobin
This type of anemia occurs primarily in those of West African descent: Sickle cell anemia
Granulocytosis increase in granulocytes (netrophils, eosinophils, basophils)
Eosinophilia increase in number of eosinophilic granulocytes
Basophilia increase in basophilic granulocytes seen in leukemia
Monocytosis increased number of monocytes
Leukocytosis increased number of leukocytes
Leukocytopenia decreased number of leukocytes
Infectious mononucleosis Acute infection of B Cells
Most common cause of infectious mononucleosis: Epstein-Barr virus
How is mono transmitted? saliva
Leukemia malignant disorder of blood and blood-forming organs - abnormal increase in white blood cells
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Rapid onset leukemia characterized by sharply increased production of immature granulocytes - short survival time
Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia increased production of immature lymphocytes (lymphoblasts) in bone marrow - occurs in children
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia slowly increasing production of mature and immature granulocytes in bone marrow and blood
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia increased numbers of mature lymphocytes in marrow, lymph nodes, spleen - slow progressing, most common in elderly
Lymphadenopathy any abnormality of lymph node
Hodgkin's Disease malignant lymphoma originating in white blood cells, spreads throughout the lymphatic system, characterized by Giant Reed-Sternberg cells present in lymphatic tissue
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma cancer of the lymphatic system involving multiple nodes with the presence of large lymphocytes but not Reed-Sternberg cells
Burkitt's Lymphoma type of non-Hodgkins's lymphoma characterized by lesions in jaw and face, usually found in Africa and New Guinea
Multiple Myeloma B-Cell's destroy bone tissue - increased plasma cells replace bone marrow
Another name for multiple myeloma: plasma cell myeloma
Lymph node located on the neck: jugular
Disease characterized by an increase of plasma cells replacing bone marrow: multiple myeloma
A vitamin B injection may be used to treat this type of anemia: pernicious
Created by: dropgallow