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European Science

Ap Euro Glistrap mid year review

Scientist in a broad sense is one engaging in a systematic activity to acquire knowledge. In a more restricted sense.
Positivism refers to a set of epistemological perspectives and philosophies of science which hold that the scientific method is the best approach to uncovering the processes by which both physical and human events occur.
Auguste Comote was a French philosopher, a founder of the discipline of sociology and of the doctrine of positivism. He may be regarded as the first philosopher of science in the modern sense of the term.
Id, Ego and Super-Ego are the three parts of the psychic apparatus defined in Sigmun Freud's structural model of the psyche; they are the three theoretical constructs in terms of whose activity and interaction mental life is.
Thomas Henry Huxley (4 May 1825 – 29 June 1895) was an English biologist, known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. Huxley's famous 1860 debate with Samuel Wilberforce was a key moment in the wider acceptance of evolution.
On The Origin Of Species Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, published on 24 November 1859, is a work of scientific literature which is considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology. Its full title was On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.
Darwin’s Ideas Darwin's Theory of Evolution is the widely held notion that all life is related and has descended from a common ancestor: the birds and the bananas, the fishes and the flowers -- all related. Darwin's general theory presumes the development of life.
Natural Selection is the process by which traits become more or less common in a population due to consistent effects upon the survival or reproduction of their bearers. It is a key mechanism of evolution.The natural genetic variation within a population of organisms.
The Descent of Man is a book on evolutionary theory by English naturalist Charles Darwin, first published in 1871. It was Darwin's second great book on evolutionary theory, following his 1859 work,On The Origin of Species. In The Descent of Man, Darwin applies evolutionary.
Herbert Spencer was an English philosopher, biologist, sociologit, and prominent classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian era.Spencer developed an all-embracing conception of evolution as the progressive development of the physical world,biological organism.
Social Darwinism is a term used for various late nineteenth century ideologies which, while often contradictory, exploited ideas of survival of the fittes. It especially refers to notions of struggle for existence being used to justify social policies.
Natural Selection is the process by which genetic mutations that enhance reproduction become, and remain, more common in successive generations of a population. It has often been called a "self-evident" mechanism because it necessarily follows from three simple facts.
Ernest Mach (February 18, 1838 – February 19, 1916) was an Austrian physicist and philosopher, noted for his contributions to physics such as the Mach number and the study of shock waves. As a philosopher of science, he was a major influence on logical positivism and
Henri Poincare was a French mathematician, theoretical physicist, engineer, and a philosopher of science. He is often described as a polymath, and in mathematics as The Last Universalist, since he excelled in all fields of the discipline as it existed during his lifetim
Hans Vaihinger (September 25, 1852 – December 18, 1933) was a German philosopher, best known as a Kant scholar and for his Philosophie des Als Ob (Philosophy of As If), published in 1911, but written more than thirty years earlier.Vaihinger was born in Nehre, Württembe
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (27 March 1845 – 10 February 1923) was a German physicist, who, on 8 November 1895, produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays, an achievement that earned him the first Nobel Prize in Physic
Ernest Rutherford was a New Zealand-born British chemist and physicist who became known as the father of nuclear physics.In early work he discovered the concept of radioactive half life, proved that radioactivity involved the transmutation of one chemical element to anothe
Carl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist, an influential thinker, and the founder of analytical psychology. Jung is often considered the first modern psychologist to state that the human psyche is "by nature religious" and to explore it in depth. Though not the first to
Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck -(April 23, 1858 – October 4, 1947) was a German physicist who is regarded as the founder of the quantum theory, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918.
Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychiatry. Freud is best known for his theories of the unconscious mind and the defense mechanism of repression, and for creating the clinical practice of psychoanalysis for treating ps
Quantum Theory also known as quantum physics or quantum mechanics, is a branch of physics providing a mathematical description of the dual particle-like and wave-like behaviour and interaction of matter and energy.It departs from classical mechanics primarily at the ato
Created by: Klavistata