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Medical Terms 1

prefixes and suffixes

Cardi/o heart
Cyan/o blue
erythr/o red
leuko white
melan/o black
Poli/o gray
-osis abnormal condition of disease
-cytes cells
-itis inflammation
neur/o nerve
–plasty surgical repair
gastr/o stomach
Enter/o small intestine
tonsill/o- tonsils
-ectomy surgical removal
ac- pertaining to
crani- skull
–osis abnormal condition or disease
–algia pain and suffering
–dynia pain
–malacia abnormal softening
arterio- artery
–Sclerosis abnormal hardening
–megaly enlargement
–Necrosis tissue death
stenosis abnormal narrowing
–centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes or to remove excess fluid
-graphy the process of recording a piccture or record
-rrhage or -rrhagia bursting forth, an abnormal excessive fluid discharge or bleeding
hemo blood
-rrgaphy suture or stitch
myo- muscle
-rrhea an abnormal flow or dicharge and refers to the abnormal flow of most body fluids
dia through
-rrhexis rupture
pre- before
nat- birth
peri- surrounding
post- after
ot/o ear
rhin/o nose
laryng/o larynx and throat
-ology study of
ab- away from
dys- bad, difficult, painful
hyper- excessive or increased
inter- between or among
sub- under, less, or below
lith stone
otomy surgical incision
ad- toward or in the direction of
eu- good, normal, well, or easy
hypo- deficient or decreased
intra- within or inside
supra- above or exessive
end- within
ather/o plaque or fatty substance
-oma tumor
arthr/o joint
myc/o fungus
myel/o bone marrow or spinal cord
-pathy disease
my/o muscle
-ologist specialist
geront- old age
neo- new
-ostomy surgically create an artifical opening
col- colon
pyel/o renal pelvis
py/o pus
-derma skin
pyr/o fever or fire
vir virus or poison
Created by: melstinson