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a- lack of, without, no, not
-a noun suffix, no meaning
abdomin/o abdomen (abdominal)
absorpt to suck in
-ac pertaining to
acoust/o hearing
acr/o extremity, point
-acusis hearing
ad- toward
aden/o gland
ades stuck to
adren/o adrenal glands
adrenal/o adrenal glands
-age related to
-al pertaining to
-algesia sensitivity to pain
-algia pain
all other
ambly/o dim, dull
an- lack of, without, no, not
an/o anus
ana- up, apart, backward
andr/o male
angi/o vessel (blood vessel)/valve
ankyl/o ankle
ankyl/o stiffness, bent, crooked
-ant forming
ant- against
ante- before
anter/o front
anti- against
apo- separation
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
aque/o water
-ar pertaining to
arthr/o joint
-atresia absence of a normal body opening
-ary pertaining to
-asthenia weakness, lack of strength
astro- star-shaped
atel/o imperfect
ather/o fatty substance
atri/o atrium
audi/o hearing
audit/o hearing
aur/o ear
auricul/o ear
aut- self, own
aut/o self
auto- self, own
axill armpit
axill/o axilla, armpit
balan/o glans penis
bas/o base
-betes to go
bi- two
bi/o life
bil/i gall, bile
bin- twice
-blast immature cell, germ cell
blephar/o eyelid
-body body
brach/i arm (brachial)
brady- slow
bronch bronchi
bronch/i bronchi
bronch/o bronchi
bucc/o cheek (buccal)
burs a pouch
cac- bad
calc calcium
calc/o calcium
calci/o calcium
carcin/o cancer
card heart
card/i heart
cardi/o heart (cardiac)
carp/o wrist
cartil gristle
casta- down
caud/o tail (downward)
cec/o cecum
-cele hernia, protrusion
celi/o belly, abdomen
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
centi- hundred
centri- center
ceph head
cephal head
cephal/o head
cept receive
cerebell/o little brain
cerebr/o cerebrum
cervic/o neck, cervix
chem/o chemical
chol/e gall, bile
chole/cyst/o gallbladder
chondr/o cartilage
circum- around
cirrh orange-yellow
cis cut
-clasia break
-clast break
-clave a key
clavic/o clavicle
clavicul/o clavicle
coagul/o clot
coax hip
-coccus (pl. –cocci) berry-shaped
coccyg/o coccyx, tailbone
col/o colon
colp/o vagina
con- with, together
concuss shaken violently
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
continence to hold
contra- against
-cope strike
cor/o pupil
core/o pupil
corne cornea
cortic/o cortex, outer region
cost/o ribs (costal)
crani cranium, skull
crani/o skull (cranial)
crin/o to secrete
crur leg, thigh (crural)
crypt/o hidden
cubit elbow (cubital)
cuss sound, hearing
cutane/o skin
cyan/o dark blue
-cyesis injection
-cyst bladder
cyst/o bladder, sac
cyt/o cell
-cyte cell
-cytosis condition of cells, slight increase in numbers
dacry/o tear
dactyl/o finger, digit
de- down
dem people
dendr/o tree
dent teeth (dental)
dent/i tooth
derm/a skin
derm/o skin
-derma skin
dermat/o skin
-desis surgical fixation, fusion
di- two, apart
dia- through, between
diaphor/o profuse sweating
dipl/o double
dips/o thirst
dis- absence, removal, separation
disk disk
dist/o away (from the point of attachment to the body)
dors/o back
duoden/o duodenum
dur/o dura, hard
-dynia pain
dys- bad, difficult, painful
ec- displaced, out
-ectasia stretching, dilatation, widening
-ectasis dilation of
-ectomy excision, removal
-edema swelling
electr/o electric
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood condition
encephal/o brain
end- within
endo- in, within
enter/o small intestines
eosin/o rose-colored
epi- above, upon, over
epididym/o epididymis
episi/o perineum
equ/i equal
-ergy work
erythem/o redness
erythemat/o redness
erythr/o red
esophag/o esophagus
esthesi/o sensation
-esthesia nervous sensation, feeling
estr/o female
eti/o cause
eu- good, normal
ex- out, away from
faci/o face
femor leg, thigh (femoral)
femor/o femur
fibul/o fibula
foc focus
follicul little bag
-form like, resembling
format a shaping
-fuge to flee
ganglion knot
gastr/o stomach
-gen formation, produce
-gen substance that produces
gene formation, produce
-genesis formation, produce
-genic pertaining to the formation or production of
gerent/o old age
gingiv gums
gingiv/o gums
gli/o glue
-glia glue
-globin protein
globul/o globe, protein
glomerul/o glomerulus
gloss/o tongue (glossal)
gluc/o sugar
glyc/o sugar
glycos/o sugar
-gnosis knowledge
gonad/o sex glands (ovaries & testes)
-grade a step
-gram a weight, mark, record
-gram record,radiographic image
granul/o grain
-graph instrument for recording data
-graph to write, record
-graphy recording of data
gravida pregnant
gyn/o female
gynec/o female
halat breathe
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
hemi- half
hepat/o liver
herni/o hernia
hetero- different
-hexia condition
hidr/o sweat
home/o sameness
hormon/o hormone
humer/o humerus
hydr/o water, fluid
hydro- water
hyper- above, more than normal, excessive, beyond
hypn- sleep
hypn/o sleep
hypo- below, under, deficient
hyster/o uterus
-ia diseased / abnormal state, condition of
-ial pertaining to
-ial pertaining to
-iasis abnormal condition
iatr treatment
-ic pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-ice pertaining to
ichthy/o scaly, dry (fish-like)
-ician physician
icter jaundice
-iesis condition
-ile pertaining to
ile/o ileum
illus foot
immun/o immune
-in in, into, not
in- in, into, not
-in, -ine a substance
-ine pertaining to
infect infection
infern/o below
inguin/o groin
integument a covering
inter- between
intra- within
-ion process of
-ior pertaining to
isch to hold back
-ism process, condition
-ist one who specializes in
-itis inflammation of
-ive nature of, quality of
jejun/o jejunum
kal/i potassium
kerat/o keratin, hard, horny tissue
kilo a thousand
-kinesia movement
-kinesis movement
kyph/o hill, mountain
labi/o lip
labyrinth/o maze
lacrim/o tear
lact/o milk
lamin/o lamina
lamin/o thin plate
lapar/o adbomen, abdominal cavity
laryng/o larynx
later/o side
-lepsy seizure
letharg drowsiness
leuk/o white
-lexia diction
libr/i balance
lingu/o tongue (lingual)
lip/o fat, lipid
-liter liter
-lith stone
lith/o stone
lob/o lobe
log study of
-log study of
-logist specialist in the study of
-logy study of
lord/o curve, swayback
lumb/o loins, lower back
-lymph lymph
lymph/o lymph
lymphaden/o lymph node (gland)
-lysis destruction, breakdown, separation
macr/o large
mal- bad, poor
-malacia softening of
malign bad kind
mamm/o breast (mammary)
mandibul/o mandible, lower jaw
-mania madness
manus hand
mast breast
mast/o breat
mastoid mastoid process
maxill/o maxilla
maxim greatest
meat/o opening, passage
medi/o middle
-megaly enlargement of
melan/o black, dark, melanin
men/o month
mening/i membrane
mening/o membrane
menisci crescent
-meter instrument to measure
metri uterus
-metry measurement of
micro- small
milli- one-thousandth
minim least
mono- one, single
multi- many, much
muscul/o muscles (muscular)
my to shut
my/o muscle
myc/o fungus (fungi include yeasts, molds, and mushrooms
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
myos/o muscle
myring/o tympanic membrane (eardrum)
narc/o numbness
nas/o nose (nasal)
nat/o birth
natr/o sodium
necr death
neo- new
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerves (neural)
neutr/o neither
-noia mind
nom law, govern
norm rule
nucle/o kernel, nucleus
nulli- none
nyctal/o night
ocul/o eye
odont/o tooth
-oid resembling, derived from
olecran elbow
olig/o scanty
oligo- scanty, little
-oma tumor
-omion shoulder
onc/o tumor
onych/o nail
oophor/o ovary
ophthalm/o eye
-opia eye vision
-opsy view of, viewing, to view
opt/o eye
opthalm/o eye
opthalmo eye
or/o mouth (oral)
or/o mouth
orch/o testis, testicle
orchid/o testis, testicle
organ organ
orth/o straight
-ory pertaining to
-osis condition, usually abnormal
oste/o bones
-ostomy creation of an artificial opening
ot ear
ot/o ear (otic)
-ous pertaining to
ox oxygen
ox/i oxygen
ox/y oxygen
pachy/o thick
palat/o palate
palm palm
pancreat/o pancreas
par- beside
para to bear
para- beside, beyond, around, abnormal
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
-paresis weakness
parturit in labor
patell/o patella
path/o disease
-pathy disease, condition
ped child
ped/o foot, child
pelv/i pelvis
pelv/o pelvis
pen/o penis
-penia lack of, deficiency
-pepsia digestion
per- through
peri- around
peritone/o peritoneum
-pexy surgical fixation
phag/o eat, engulf
-phagia eating or swallowing
phalang/o phalanges (bones of fingers and toes)
pharyng/o throat, larynx (pharyngeal)
-phasia to speak
-phil attraction for
-philia attraction for
phleb/o vein
phob/o fear
-phobia fear of
phone voice
-phoresis to carry
phot/o light
-phylaxis protection
-physis growth
phyt/o plant
pil/o hair, hair follicle
pituitar/o pituitary gland
-plasia formation, produce
-plasty plastic repair, plastic surgery, reconstruction
-plegia paralysis
pneum/o lung, air
pneumat/o lung
pneumon lung
pod/o foot
-poiesis formation
poli/o gray
pollex thumb
poly- many, much
post- after
poster/i back, behind
-praxia action
presby old
pro- before
proct/o anus and rectum
prohylact garding
prostat/o prostate gland
proxim/o near (the point of attachment to the body)
prurit itching
psych/o mind
-ptosis droop, sag, protrude
-ptysis- to spit, spitting
pub/o pubis
pulm/o lungs (pulmonary)
pulmon/o lungs
pupill/o pupil
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
pylor/o pyloric sphincter
pyr/o heat, fire, fever
pyret fever
quadr/i four
quadr/o four
quadri- four
radi/o ray
radi/o radius
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
retro- behind, back, backward
-rhaphy surgical repair, suture
rheumat discharge
rheumat/o rheumatism
rhin/o nose
rhytid/o wrinkle
-rrhage bursting forth (of blood)
-rrhagia bursting forth (of blood)
-rrhaphy suture, repair
-rrhea flow, discharge
sacr/o sacrum
salping/o uterine (fallopian) tube
scapul/o scapula
-schisis split, fissure
scler/o hard
scler/o sclera (white of the eye)
-sclerosis hardening of
scoli/o crooked, bent
-scope instrument to visually examine
-scopy visual examination of
seb/o sebum, sebaceous gland
semin/i semen, seed
-sepsis decay, infection
sept putrefaction, rotten
sept/o septum
septic putrefying
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
-sis state of, condition
spadias an opening or tear
-spasm sudden, involuntary contraction of muscles
sperm/o spermatozoa, semen
spermat/o spermatozoa, semen
spir/o breath
splen/o spleen
spondyl/o vertebrae (backbone)
squam/o scale-like
staped stirrup
-stasis to stop, control
steat/o fat
-stenosis narrowing
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
steth/o chest
-sthenia strength
stigmat without point, abnormal curvature
-stitial to set
stomato/o mouth
-stomy surgical creation of an opening
sub- under, below
super/o above, upper part
-suppression to stop
supra- above
sym- through, joined
sympathy sympathy
syn- with, together
synov/o synovial membrane, synovial fluid
tars/o tarsals
tempora temples (temporal)
ten/o tendon
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
tens tension/pressure
test/o testis, testicle
-therapy treatment
therm/o heat, hot
thorac chest
thorac/o chest (thorax)
thromb clot
thromb/o thrombus, clot
thym/o thymus
thyr/o thyroid gland
thyroid/o thyroid gland
tibi/o tibia
-tic pertaining to
tinnit ringing
toc birth
-tome instrument used to cut
-tomy incision, cutting
ton/o to stretch
tonsil tonsil
tonsil/o tonsils
top/o place
trache/o trachea
trans- through, across, beyond
-tresia opening
tri- three
trich/o hair
-tripsy crushing of
-troph(y) nourishment, development
tuss cough
tympan/o tympanic membrane (eardrum)
uln/o ulna
-um tissue
umbilic navel (umbilical)
ung nail
uni- one
ur/o urine
ure urine
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
-uria urine, urination
-us pertaining to
uter/o uterus
uvul/o uvula
vag/o vagus, wandering
vagin/o vagina
vas/o vessel, duct: vas deferens
vascul/o vascular
ven vein
ven/o vein
ventr/o belly (front) side
ventricul ventricle
ventricul/o little belly
vertebr/o vertebrae (backbone)
vulv/o vulva
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
xiph sword
-y process, condition, pertaining to
Created by: MHC