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Ch.16 Urinalysis

Ch.16 Urinalysis:Brittany Benning

Agglutination- The aggregation or uniting of separate particles into clumps or masses.
Bilirubinuria- The presence of bilirubin in the urine.
Bladder Catheterization- The passing of a sterile catheter through the urethra and into the bladder to remove urine.
Glycosuria- The presence of glucose in the urine.
Ketonuria- The presence of ketone bodies in the urine.
Ketosis- An accumulation of large amounts of ketone bodies the the tissues and body fluids.
Micturition- The act of voiding urine.
Nephron- The functional unit of the kidney.
Oliguria- Decreased or scanty output of urine.
pH- The unit that describes the acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
Polyuria- Increased output of urine.
Proteinuria- The presence of protein in the urine.
Refractive Index- The ration of the velocity of light in air to the velocity of light in a solution.
Refractometer- (clinical) An insturment used to measure the refractive index of urine, which is an indirect measurement of the specific gravity of urine.
Renal threshold- The concentration at which a substance in the blood that is not normally excreted by the kidneys begins to appear in the urine.
Specific Gravity- The measurement of the amount of dissolved substances present in the urine compared to the same amount of distilled water.
Supernatant- The clear liquid that remains at the top after a precipitate settles.
Suprapubic Aspiration- The passing of a sterile needle through the abdominal wall into the bladder to remove urine.
Urinalysis- The physical,chemical, and microscopic analysis of urine.
Void- To empty the bladder.
Created by: brittanybenning