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OTA Intro 1-35

vocab

QuestionAnswer
Sensory awareness receiving and differentiating sensory stimuli
Sensory processing interpreting sensory stimuli
Tactile interpreting light touch, pressure, temperature, pain, and vibration through skin contact receptors.
Procioceptive interpreting stimuli originating in muscles, joints, and other internal tissue that give information about one of the body parts in relationship to another.
Vestibular interpreting stimuli from the inner ear receptors regarding head position and movement.
Visual Interpreting stimuli through the eyes, including peripheral vision and acuity, and awareness of color and pattern.
Auditory interpreting and localizing sounds, and discriminating background sound.
Gustatory interpreting taste
Olfactory interpreting smell
Perceptual processing organizing sensory input into meaningful patterns.
Stereognosis identifying objects through proprioception, cognition, and the sense of touch
Kinesthesia identifying the excursion and direction of joint movement.
Pain response interpreting noxious stimuli
Body scheme acquiring an internal awareness of the body and the relationship of the body parts to each other.
Right-left discrimination differentiating one side from the other.
Form constancy recognizing forms and objects as the same in various environments, positions and sizes.
Position in space determining the spatial relationship of the figures and objects to self of other forms and objects.
Visual closure identifying forms or objects from incomplete presentations.
Figure ground differentiating between foreground and background forms and objects.
Depth perception determining the relative distance between objects, figures, or landmarks and the observer, and changes in planes of surfaces.
Spatial relations determining the positioning of objects relative to each other.
Topographical Orientation determining the location of objects and settings and the route to the location.
Neuromusculoskeletal pertaining to nerves, muscles, and the skeletal system.
Reflex eliciting an involuntary muscle response by sensory input.
Range of motion ROM moving body parts through an arc.
Muscle tone demonstrating a degree of tension or resistance in a muscle at rest and in response to stretch.
Strength demonstrating a degree of muscle power when movement is resisted, as with objects or gravity.
Endurance sustaining cardiac, pulmonary, and musculoskeletal exertion over time.
Postural control using righting and equilibrium adjustments to maintain balance during functional movements.
Postural alignment maintaining biomechanical integrity among body parts.
Soft tissue integrity maintaining anatomical and physiological condition of interstitial tissue and skin.
Motor actions of behaviors a client uses to move and physically interact with tasks, objects, contexts, and environments, includes planning, sequencing, and executing novel movements.
Gross coordination using large muscle groups for controlled, goal-directed movements.
Laterality using a preferred unilateral body part for activities requiring a high level of skill.
crossing the midline moving limbs and eyes across the midsagital plane of the body.
Created by: Melanie J. Shanks Melanie J. Shanks on 2011-01-26



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