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ch. 1-3 human develo

maturation depending heavily on biological issues ( puberty, walking, talking )
learning the result of the persons interactions with the environment ( studying, test taking )
Domains physical cognitive personality socioculture
physical domain shape size motor skills
cognitive domain perceiving reasoning thinking problem solving
Personality domain personality traits sense of self
socioculture domain socialization enculturation
enculturation occurs as welearn about our culture more or less on our own by observing and absorbing rather than being taught
theory of natural selection centers around a concept often reffered to as " survival of the fittest"
Freuds theory children learn moral concepts ( the idea that little girls view themselves as castraded males and therfore experience "penis envy"
Freuds phsycosexual stages Oral anal phallic latency genital
oral stage birth to 18 months
anal stage 18 months to 3 years
latency stage 6 years to 12 yearss
genital stage 12 years and up
erik eriksons theory personlity development derives from freuds theory instead of focusing on unconscious process his views emphasize conscious forces
classical conditioning major way in which human development and behavior are influenced by environmental events
B.F Skinners research describes how rewards and punishments influence our actions he discovered that we tend to repeat good actions and discontinue bad ones
Phallic stage 3 years to 6 years
Bandura's research a view that emphasizes the influence of the social behavior of others on our learning recognized that children and adults observe their own behaviorr
Case study one of the earliest methods used to study human development
Correlation coefficient numerical value that describes the variables relationship to one another
Positive Correlation relationship where one variable increases and the other increases as well
Negative correlation relationship where as one variable increases the other one decreases
informed consent a clear statement of the purpose, preocedures, risks, and benefits as well as the obligations and commitments of both the participants
what do genes do?? build proteinss
what are 2 ways cells can divide?? mitosis meiosis
mitosis cells replicating
meiosis humans reproduce
which chromosome pair determines the sex of your child?? X and Y
sex linked disorder occurs when gametes dont repliccate correctly ( color blind )
autosomal disorder can result from defective genes or form extra or missing chromosomes ( down syndrome )
hemophiliac blood clotss
genetic counseling resource that can helo potential parents evaluate genetic risk factors in childbearing.
concordance ??
heritability trait that is inherited from genetic factors
habituation learning to stop attending to a stimulous or change in the environment
which race higher risk for sickle cell anemia? arican americans
phobia unreasonable fears
shaping reinforcing succesive approximations to a desired behavior
ethnocentrism tendency to believe that your cultures,beliefs are true and others are false
normative age graded influence biological and social changes that are predictable
normativve history graded influence historical events that affect large groups f peole
non normative influences indiviual environmental factors that d not occur at any predictable time
nuclear family regular family
% of unintended pregnancies 50%
3 periods of pregnancy germinal embryonic fetal
germianl period conception to 2 weeks
embryonic period 2 weeks to 9 weeks
fetal period 12 weeks to birth
gross to specific trend fetus initially reacts to tounch
maternal age down syndrome
how many pounds should a woman gain while pregnant? 25 - 35
critical period period at ehich the child is at greatest risk for different abnormalities
teratogen diseases, chemicals for air polutation or water contamination
thalidomide used to realive nausea
how much alcohol should be consumed?? NONE
braxton hicks contractions false labor
crowning baby's head becomes visible
episiotomy incision made to enlarge the vaginal opening
ultrasound harmless high frequency sound waves
neonate a baby in the first month
lanugo hair that covers genitals that eventually fall off
Created by: pamela1991