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ch 11 pg 2

classification of drugs based on action

What is used to treat anxiety Antianxiety Agents Xanax (IV), BuSpar, Librium (IV), Valium (IV), Antivan (IV)
What is used to decrease preoperatively oral and respiratory secretions Anticholinergics Atro-Pen
What is used to venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and myocardial infarction by preventing clot extension and formation Anticoagulants coumadin
What is used to prevent or relieve seizures Anticonvulsants Tegretol, Klonopin (IV), DEpakote, Neurontin, Lamictal, Dilantin, Topamax, Depakene
What is used to prevent, cure, or alleviate depression, and to treat anxiety disorders (panic attacks)and obsessive-convulsive disorder? Antidepressants Celexa, Lexapro, Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Elavil, Wellbutrin-SR, Remeron, Serzone, Desyrel, Effexor XR
What is used to manage non-insulin-dependent type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to manage diabetes mellitus. Antidiabetics Amaryl, Glucotrol XL, DiaBeta, Micronase, Glucophage, Actos, Avandia, Humulin R*, Novolin R*, Humulin N*, Novolin N*, Humulin 70/30*, Novolin 70/30*, Lantus, humalog
What is used to control and relieve diarrhea? Antidiarrheals Pepto-Bismal*, Lomotil (V), Kaopectate*, Imodium*,
what is useed to control or prevent cardiac dysrhythemias? Antidysrthmics Pronestyl, inderal.
What is used to prevent or relieve nuasea and vomiting? Antiemetics Marinol (III), Zofran, Compazine, Phenergan, Bonine
What is used to relieve discomfortof excess gas and bloating in the gastrointestinal tract? Antiflatulents Gas-X, Mylanta Gas
What is used to treat fungal infections? Antifungals Fungizone, Gyne-Lotrimin, Diflucan, Nizoral, Monistat, Mycostatin, Terazol
What is used to prevent attacks of gout? Antigout Agents Zyloprim, Colchicine tablets
What used to treat worm infections (pinworms, Roundworms, hookworms) Antihelmintics Vermox
What is used to relieve symptoms associated with allergies (increased seezing; rhinorrhea; itchy eyes, nose, and throat) Antihistamines Dimetaine, Zyrtec, Chlor-Trimetron, Teldrin, Clarinex, Benadryl, Allegra, Atarax, Vistaril, Claritin, Phenergan
What is used to manage hypertension? Antihypertensives Lotensin,Capoten,Vasotec,Prenivil,Accupril,Altace,Catapres,Cardura,Minipress,Atacand,Avapro,Cozaar,Benicar,Diovan,Tenormin,Zebeta,Coreg,Lopressor,ToprolXL,Inderal,Blocadren,Norvasc,Cardizem,Plendil,Apresoline,Lotrel,Ziac,Hyzaar,Corzide
What is used to treat erectile dysfuntions? Antiimpotence Agents Viagra
Whay is used to treat infections? Antiinfectives Amoxil, Trimox, ,Augmentin, Bicillin, Veetids, Wycillin, Zithromax, Biaxin, Ery-Tab, Pediazole,Ceclor, omnicef, Cefzil, Rhocephin, Keflex< Cipro, Levaquin, Floxin, Doryx, Vibramycin, Arestin, Achromycin, Sumycin, Garamysin, Kantrex, Neobiotic, Tobrax
What is used to prevent signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and rhuematoid arthritis in adults by decreasing pain and inflammation? Antiinflammatory Agents Bayer, Ecotrin, Celebrex, Lodine, Advil, Motrin, Indocine, Relafen, Aleve, Anaprox, Napresyn, Bextra
What is used to treat bipolar affective disorders? Antmanics Eskalith, Eskalith CR
What is used in acute treatment of migrain attacks? Antimigrains Imitrex
What is used to treat tumors? Antineoplastics Cytoxan, Mexate, Folex
What is used to treat symptoms of parkinson's disease? Anti-Parkinson's Agents Sinemet
What is used to treat protozoal infections? Antiprotozoals Flagyl
What is used to treat psychotic disorders? Antipsychotics Haldol, Zyprexa, Risperdal, Seroquel
What is used to manage HIV infections and to reduce maternal-fetal transmission of HIV? Antiretrovirals Retrovir
What is used to control hypermotility in irritable bowel syndrome, spastic colitis, spastic bladder, and pylospasm? Antispasmodics Bentyl, Levsin
What is used to treat tuberculosis? Antituberculars Isotamine (INH), PMS-Pyrazinamide, Rifadin
What is used in the prevention and relief of coughs caused by viral URI or inhaled irritants? Antitussives Tessalon, Tussionex(III), Robitussen DM, Robitussen A-C(V)
What is used to manage ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease, heartburn, indigestion, and gastric hyperacidity Antiulcers Nexium, Prevacid, Prilosec, Protonix, Aciphex, Tagamet, Pepcid AC, Zantac
What is used to manage herpes infections Antiviral Zovirax, valtrex,
What is used to treat and prevent osteoporosis Bone resorption inhibitors Fosamax, Evista, Actonel
What is used to manage reversible airway obstruction caused by asthma or COPD Bronchodilators Proventil, Advair Diskus, Combivent, Singulair, Serevent, bronkodyl, Accolate
What is used to treat CHF and cardiac arrhythmias Cardiac Glycosides Crystodigin, Digitek, Lanoxicaps, Lanoxin
What s used to treat narcolepsy and manage attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Central nervous system stimulants Strattera, Dexedrine, Adderal, Ritalin, Concerta
What is used to prevent pregnancy and to regulate menstrual cycle Contraceptives (Hormonal) Apri, Yasmin, Alesse, Levien, Kariva, Micrette, Depro-provera, Ortho Evra, NuvaRing
What it used to treat inflammation, allergies, asthma, and autoimmune disorders and as replacment therapy in adrenal insufficiency and to treat chronic nasal inflammatory conditions Corticosteroids Cortone, Flovent, Cortef, Medrol, Depro-Medrol, Aristocort, Vancenase, Flonase, Nasonex, Deltasnoe, Nasacort
What is used to treat nasal congestions Decongestants Afrin, Dristan, Neo-Synephrine, Sudafed
What is used to manage hypertension, edema in CHF, and renal disease Diuretics Bumex, Lasix, Hygroton, Esidrix, HydroDiuril, Aldactone, Dyrenium,
What is used to treat or prevent electrolyte depletion Electrolyte Replacements K-Dur, Klor-Con
What is used to treat poisoning Emetics Syrup of ipecac (No Brand Name)
What is used to manage cough by expelling mucus Expectorants Robiitussin, Naldecon
What is used to treat moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms of menopause Hormone Replacements Premarin, Prempro, Activella
What is used to prevent (vaccine-preventable) diseases Immunizations Acel-Imune, Daptacel, Infanrix, Tripedia, ActHIB, HibTITER, Havrix, Vaqta, Engerix-B, Recombivax HB, IPOL, Fluogen, Flushield, Fluzone, M-R-VaxII, M-M-RII, Menactra, PneumovaxII, Prevnar, MeruvaxII, Varivax
What is used to treat severe Rheumatoid arthritis and to prevent and treat rejection of transplanted organs Immunosupresants Sandimmune, Neoral, Rheumatrex
What is used to relieve constipation Laxatives Dulcolax, Colace, Phenolax, Metamucil
What is used to treat lower cholesterool to reduce risk oy myocardial infartion and stroke Lipid-Lowering Agents Lipitor, Zetia, Vytorin, Tricor, Lescol, Lopid, Mevacor, Pravachol, crestor, zocor
What is used to treat acute painful musculoskeletal conditions muscle relaxants (skeletal) Soma, Flexeril, skelaxin, Robaxin
What is used to treat eye infections Ophthlamic Antiinfectives TobraDex, Polysporin, Neosporin, Polytrim, Tobrex
What is used to treat ear infections Otic Preparation Auralgan, Cortisporin Otic, Floxin Otic, Debrox
What is used to reduce incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke Platelet Inhibitors Plavix, Aspirin
What is used for short-term treatment of insomnia Sedatives and Hypnotics Lunesta, Dalmane, Luminal, REstoril, Ambien
What is used to manage nicotine withdrawal to cease cigarette smoking Smoking Deterrents Nicorette Gum, Nicotrol Inhaler, Nicoderm Patch, commit Lozenges
What is used for acute managment of coronary thrombosis (myocardial infarction) Thrombolytic Agents Activase, Eminase, Retavase, Streptase
What is used as a replacement or substitute therapy for diminished or absent thyroid funtioning of many causes Thyroid Preparations Levoxyl, Synthroid, Tapazole,
What is used to treat overactive bladder function. Urinary tract antispasmodics Ditropin, Detrol
What is used to treat severe allergic reactions and cardiac arrest Vasopressors Adrenalin, Epipen
What is used to manage obesity Weight control Agents Tenuate, Fastin, Meridia, xenical
What is used to relieve or prevent angina attacks? Antianginals Sorbitrate, Imdur, Nitro-Bid, Nitro-Dur, Nitrostat, Tenormin, Inderal, Norvasc, Vascor, Cardizem, Dilacor XR, Adalat, Procardia-XL, Calan, Isoptin, Verelan
Created by: melindacordle