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Psych 110 Chaper 1

Chapter 1

Double blind study Neither the participants not the experimenter know if the subjects are in teh experimental or control group
positive correlation two variables increase inthe same direction
Negative Correlation As one variable goes up , the other variable goes down
Whatis random assignment? assigning subjects to the experimental or control groups randomly so that each subject has an equal chance of being in either group
What is the placebo effect? The expectations of the participants in a study can influence their behavior
Single blind study Study in which the subjects do not know if they are in the experimental or the control group
Psychology The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
What are the four goals of psychology? Description, Explanation, Prediction, control
Description observing a behavior and noting everything about it
Explanation to find out why
Prediction determining what will happen in the future
Control to change a behavior from a undesireable one to a desireable one.
Who is Wilhelm Wundy "The father of psychology" attempted to apply scientific principles to the study of the human mind. Created first psychology lab Structuralism
Objective introspection the process of objectively examining and measuring one's own thoughts and mental activities
Who is William James? Founder of functionalism
Structuralism focus of study is the structure or basic elements of the mind
Functionalism focus of study is how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work, and play
Gestalt Psychology early perspective in psychology focusing on perception and sensation, particularly the perceptio of patterns and whole figures
who is sigmund Freud? Neurologist who thought that the unconcious mind created neurological problems when there was no physical symptoms. Early childhood experiences can explain problems later in life.
Pscyhoanalysis the theory and therapy based on the work of Sigmund Freud
Who is John B Watson Founder of behaviorism
Behaviorism the science of behavior that focuses on observable behavior only
Psychodynamic perspective modern version of psychoanalysis that is moer focused on the development of a sense of self and the discovery of other motivations behind a persons behvior that sexual motivations
cognitive Perspective focuses on how people think, remember, store and use information
cognitive neuroscience study of the physical changes inteh brain and nervous system during thinking
sociocultural perspective perspective that focuses on the relationship between social behavior and culture
biopsychological perspective persepctive that attributes human and anmial behavior to biological events occuring in the body such as genetic influences, hormones, and the activity of the nervous system
scientific method a system of gatehring data so that bias and error in the measurement are reduced
What are the steps of the scientific method? 1.Perceiving the question, Forming a hypothosis, testing the hypothesis, drawing conclusions, reporting your results
Hypothesis tenative explanation oof a phenomenon based on observations
Naturalistic Observation Observing something in its natural habitat
Observer effect People or animals who know they are being watched will not behave normally
What is a case study? study of one individual in great detail
survey Researchers will ask a series of questions about a topic they are studying
Representative sample randomly selected sample of subjects from a larger population of subjects
Correlation a particular way of organizing numberical infomration so that it is easier to look for patterns in the information
correlation coefficient a number derived from the formula for measuring a correlation and indicating the strength and direction of a correlation
What two pieces of information does a correlation coefficent need? The direction of the relationship and its strength
opperational definition it specifically names the operations that the experiment must ust to control the variables in teh experiment
Dependant variable Variable in a experimetn that represents the measurable response or behavior of the subjects in the experiment
Independant variable variable in an experiment that is manipulated by the experimenter
Created by: eccampbe