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Mid term study guide

specific immunity is also called acquired immunity
this immunity is effective against particular identified foreign agents and develops in response to contact with that agent acquired/specific immunity
active immunity is also called artifical immunity
when a person is given a vaccine or toxoid as the antigen and they form antibodies to counteract it is what kind of immunity active/artificial immunity
an autosomal recessive disorder in which no melanin is formed causing a person to have white hair, pale skin and pink eyes albinism
Agents that initiate an allergic response Allergen
Anemia-a condition caused by reduction of oxygen-carrying hemoglobin Anemia
drugs used to treat bacterial infections Antibiotics
proteins secreted by plasma cells that aid in defense against infectious agents Antibodies
the accumulation of fatty material under the inner lining of the arterial wall Atherosclerosis
a single-celled organism with simple structure and lacking a nucleus Bacteria
a disease that my begin insidiously and be long lived Chronic disease
T cells, often called killer cells because of their capability to kill invading organisms Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes
the determination of the nature of a disease based on many factors, including signs, symptoms and often labatory results Diagnosis
life threatening condition that involves destruction of the platelets and consumption of clotting factors. DIC-Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
the occurrence of a disease in unusually large numbers over a specific area Epidemic
the study of the occurrence, transmission, distribution and control of disease Epidemiology
enlarged liver Hepatomegaly
all cells, tissues, organs, and systems work to maintain equilibrium Homeostasis
protection from infection provided by antibodies Humoral immunity
describes the number of new cases of a disease at a given time in a specified Incidence
an abnormal tissue structure or function, may be the result of a wound, injury or pathologic conditions Lesion
a mass of new cells that grow in a hazard fashion with no useful function; tumor Neoplasm
study of the characteristics, causes and effects of disease Pathology
the number of existing cases of a disease Prevalence
predicted outcome of a disease Prognosis
the period of a chronic disease when signs and symptoms subside Remission
an autosomal recessive disorder, in which hemoglobin is abnormal, resulting in deformed, sickle-shape red blood cells Sickle cell
redness, swelling, heat and pain Signs of inflammation
metrorragia (uttering bleeding, especially after menopause), mass in abdomen, (dysuria)-difficult urination, constipation or bloating Signs of uterine cancer
Nonspecific immunity also called innate immunity
Present at birth and provides immediate but general protection against any foreign agents that enters the body nonspecific/innate immunity
cough, shortness of breath, blood in sputum, chest pain, loss of appetite, wheezing, stridor or high pitch during respiration, hoarseness and dysphasia or difficulty speaking Symptoms of lung cancer
combination of symptoms Syndrome
one of the most serious congenital defects consisting of four (tetra) abnormalities Tetralogy of Fallot
normal body function physiology
study of the physiological processes leading up to disease pathophysiology
objective evidence of disease observed on physical examination, such as abnormal pulse or respiratory rate, fever, sweating and pallor signs
subjective indications of disease reported by the patient, such as pain, dizziness and itching symptoms
surgical removal and analysis of tissue samples biopsy
disease recur in all severity exacerbation
measure of death attributed to disease mortality
measure of disability morbidity
an individual who has factors that makes them susceptible to a disease predispose
Created by: Shug120