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Experimental ch1&2

empirical based on experience
authority who is telling me this?
logic using logic to make further inferences
non empirical indirect
intuition spontaneous perception or judgment not based on reasoned mental steps
common sense practical intelligence shared by a large group of people
counterintuitive something that goes against common sense
science way of obtaining knowledge by objective observations
scientific method define problem, form hypothesis, collect and analyze data, draw conclusions, communicate findings
theory system of ideas/principles to explain phenomena
hypothesis a specific prediction about two or more variable that can be tested
variables any event or behavior that can be measurable
description observing behavior in order to describe it
prediction identifying specific factors that are associated
explanatory determining the causes of behavior/event
observation naturalistic or laboratory observation
case studies in depth study of one or more individuals
survey asking questions thru self-report
correlation the degree of relation between two variables, not imply causation
quasi-experimental method compare groups of individuals across a "naturally occuring" variable
experimental method determining if there is a cause and effect relationship between two variables, manipulate iv, measure dv, control over extraneous variables
empirical based on experience, not common sense
objectives some observations can be made by anyone, all conclude same thing
self-correcting new evidence may contradict what is currently known
progressive moving forward in truth
tentative able to be changed
parsimonious as simple as possible
concerned with theory figuring out why and how
good theory falsifiable
law a statement that certain events are regularly associated with each other in an orderly way
theory a statement or set or statements explaining one or more laws, usually including one indirect concept needed to explain the relationship
falsifiability the property of a good theory that it is capable of disproof