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NYSExam VocabList 1

Life Processes/Reproduction/Cells

organism a living thing
nutrition process where food is taken into the body, broken down into a usable form, and undigested material is eliminated
transport movement of materials throughout the organism
respiration releasing of energy stored in foood
excretion removal of waste materials produced by the organism
regulation responding to changes in the organism's surroundings
reproduction making more organisms of the same kind
growth increase in size
ingestion the taking in of food
digestion breaking down of nutrients into a usable form
elimination removal of undigested materials from the body
reproduction process by which an organism produces new individuals (offspring)
asexual reproduction reproduction involving only one parent; produces offspring identical to the parent
sexual reproduction reproduction involving two parents; produces offspring not identical to parents
regeneration process where a new part grows from the original organism
binary fission process where a new organism is formed from the equal splitting of the parent organism
budding process where a new organism grows while attached to a parent organism
fertilization the joining a female sex cell and a male sex cell
cell the basic unit of life
unicellular a one-celled organism
multicellular an organism with many cells
nucleus (cell) controls the cell's activities; stores genetic material
mitochondria where food is burned; powerhouse of the cell
ribosomes where proteins are made
vacuole where excess fluid is stored
chloroplasts where glucose is stored in green plants; contain chlorophyll
cell wall gives support to the plant's structure
cell membrane controls what enters/leaves the cell
cytoplasm the thick fluid surrounding the nucleus
chlorophyll a green pigment found in green plants
photosynthesis a process where carbon dioxide and water are changed into sugar
homeostasis the maintenance of a constant internal environment
metamorphosis the process of a complete body change from juvenile to adult stages
Created by: kpatelunas