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Terms related to medical laws.

catchment area provide comprehensive mental health services for all residents within a certain geographical area
Deinstitutionalization The release of large numbers on mentally ill persons into the community
demonical exorcism religious ceremonies in which the patients were physically punished to drive away the evil possessing spirits
electroconvulsive therapy Passing electricity through the patient's head
health-illness continuum Behaviors relating to health exist over a broad spectrum
humoral theory of disease (blank)
lobotomy Severs the frontal loves of the brain from the thalamus
lunacy disorder caused by a lunar body
mental health ability to cope with and adjust to the recurrent stresses of living in an acceptable way
mental illness (disorder) Disturbance in one's ability to cope effectively
psychotherapeutic drugs chemicals that effect the mind
advocacy critical concept of case management providing the client with the info to make certain decisions
case management Holistic system of interventions designed to support the transition of mentally ill clients into the community
Community mental health centers CMHC - includes crisis intervention, individual and family counseling, and mental health education
community support systems model (CSS) views individuals with basic himan needs, ambitions, and rights--Create a support system that fosters individual growth and movement towards independence throught the use of coordinated services
consultation Process in which the assistance of a specialist is sought to help to identigy ways in which to cope effectively with client problems
crisis intervention short-term, active therapy that focuses on solving the immediate problem and restoring the client's previous level of functioning
Health maintenance organizations (HMO) deliver health care to enrolled clients who pay a fixed, prenegotiated price
holoistic concept of care help clients develop strategies to achieve harmony within themselves and with others, nature and the world
homelessness lack of a regular and adequate nighttime dwelling
inpatient psychiatric care remain in institute for 24 hours a day - depends on illness, level of dysfunction, level of client cooperation, clients ability to pay
involuntary admission process of institutionalization initiated by someone other than the client
multidisciplinary mental health care team Team approach to treating mental illness to provide effective client care
outpatient mental health care a facility that provides services to people with mental problems within their home environments
preferred provider organizations (PPO) established to help curtail the rapidly growing increases in health care costs
psychosocial rehabilitation Services to help clients learn the skills needed to carry out activities of daily living
recidivism relapse of a symptom, disease, or behavior
resource linkage process of matching clients needs with the most appropriate community services
therapeutic environment based on concept that every interaction within the client's environment had therapuetic potential
Third party payments medical costs were covered by a "third-party"--insurance co, or state or federal government
voluntary admission clients originates the request for mental health services
belief conviction that is intellectually accepted as true, whether it is based in fact
value something that is held dear, a feeling about the worth of an item, idea, or behavior
morals reflect on'e attitudes, beliefs, and values and define right or wrong behavior
values clarification Step-by-step process that encourages one to identify significant values
Right descibed as a power, privilege, or existence to which one has a just claim
1972 Patient's Bill of Rights states all clients have the rights to respectful care, privacy, confidentiality, continuity of care, and relevent info. Addresses clients' rights to examine their bills, refuse tx and participate in research
Ethics set of rules or values that govern right behavior
Autonomy right of people to act for themselves and make personal choices, including refusal of tx
informed consent promotes client autonomy by providing relevant info and choice for the client
Beneficence actively do good
nonmaleficence Do no harm
Confidentiality duty to respect private info
Fidelity obligation to keep your word
veracity duty to tell the truth
Justice Implies that all clients are treated equally, fairly, and respectfully
Ethical dilemmas exist when there is uncertainty or disagreement about the moral principles that endorse different courses of action
Laws are the controls by which a society governs itself
Criminal law division of public law that is of importance to caregivers
Felonies serious crimes, punishable by death or imprisonment
Misdemeanors Less serious - fines to imprisonment less that one year
Civil law private law
Contract law deals with agreements between individuals or institutions--written or implied
Tort law relates in individuals rights and includes the need to compensate a person for a wrong
Professional (nurse) practice acts defines the limits and scope of nursing practive through a series of regulations
Standards of practice (blank)
involuntary commitments admissions that occur against a client's will
controlled substances narcs, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, and some tranquilizers
Fraud giving of false info with the knowlegde that action will be taken based on the info
Defamation false communication that results in harm
libel written defamation
slander verbal defamation
assault threatens a client
battery touching occurs without the clients permission
invasion of privacy occurs when a client's space, body or belongings are violated
false imprisonment detaining a competent person against his or her will
negligence omission of an act that a resonable and prudent person would (or would not) do
malpractice applies to professionals and is defined as a failure to exercise and accepted degree of professional skill that results in injury, loss, or damage
elopement a client runs away from the institution
duty to warn duty to protect potential victims from possible harm by a client
reasonable and prudent care provider law judges professional actions by asking
Rice biological term that describes a group of individuals who share physical characteristics that are distinct.
Ethnicity social term associated with the socialization patterns, customs, and cultural habits of a particular group
Culture total way of life
spirituality belief in power greater than any human being
religion relates to a defined, organized, and practiced system of worship
Norms established rules of conduct that define which behaviors are encouraged, accepted, tolerated, and forbidden within culture
role expected pattern of behaviors associated with a certain position, status, or gender
stereotype oversimplified mental picture of a cultural group
prejudice extreme form of negative stereotyping
disease condition in which a physical dysfunction exists
illness state of social, emotional, intellectual dysfunction
territoriality need to gain contril over an area of space and claim it for oneself
nuclear family unit consisting of a father, mother, and one or more child
extended family aunts, uncles, grandparents, cousins, or godparents
gender roles expected behavioral patterns based on sex
cultural competence seeks to deliver appropriate client care based on a knowledge of the clients culture
refugee person who, because of war or persecution, flees from his or her home or country and seeks refuge elsewhere
Created by: ka_fire428