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ch 11 liquid

Elixir A drug that is dissolved in a solution of alchol and orally. Elixers are sweetened and flavored and are taken orally. Example:Dimetapp Elixir.
Emulsion A mixture of fats or oils in water. Example: Soyacol Emulsion.
Liniment A drug combined with oil, soap, alcholo, or water. Liniments are applied externally using friction, to produce feeling of heart or warmth. Example: Heet Liniment.
Lotion An aqueous preparation that contains suspended ingerdients. Lotions are used to treat external skin conditions. They work to soothe, protect and moisten the skin and destroy harmful bacteria. Example: CCaladryl Lotion.
Solution A liquid preparation that contains one or more completely dissolved substances. The dissolved substances is known as the solute, and the liquid in which it is dissolved is known as the solvent. Example: Polsporin Ophthalmic Solution.
Spirit A drug combined with an alcholoic solution that is volatile ( a substance that is volatile evaporates readily). Example: aromatic spirit of ammonia.
Spray A fine stream of medicatied vapor, usually used to treat nose and throat conditions. Example: Dristan Nasal Spray.
Suspension A drug tha contains a solid insoluble drug particles in a liquid; the preperation must be shaken before adminstration. Example: Amoxicillin Oral Nasal Spray.
Suspension A pressurized form in which solid aerosol or liquid drug particles are suspended in a gas to be dispended in a cloud or mist. Example: Proventil Inhalation Aerosol.
Syrup A drug dissolved in a solutioin of sugar, water, and sometimes a flavoring to disguise an unpleasant taste. Example: Robitussin Cough Syrup.
Tincture A drug dissolved in a solution of alcohol and water. Example: tincture of iodine
Tablet A powered drug; that has been pressed into discs. Some tablets are scored; that is, they are marked with an indentation so they can be broken into halves or quarters for proper dosage. Example: Tylenol Tablets.
Chewable Tablet A powered drug that has been flavored and pressed into a disc. Chewable tablets are often used for antacids, antiflatulents, and childern's medication. Examples: Pepto-Bismol Chewable Tablets.
Sublingual Tablet a powered drug that has been pressed into a disc and is designed to dissolve under the tongue, which permits its rapid absorption into the bloodstream. Example: nitroglycerin sublingual tablets.
Enteric- coated tablet a tablet coated with a substance that prevents it from dissolving until it reaches the intestines. Example: Ecotrin Enteric-coaded Asprin
Capsule a drug contained in a gelatin capsule that is water-soluble and functions to prevent the pt from tasting the drug. Example: Advil caplets
lozenge a drug contained in a candylike base. lozenges are circular and are designed to dissolve on the tongue. Example: Chloraseptic throat lozenges.
Cream a drug combined in a base that is generally nongreasy, resulting in a semisolid preparation. Example:
Ointment a drug with an oil base, resulting in a semisolid preparation
Suppository a drug mixed with a firm base, such as cocoa butter that is designed to melt at body temperature
Transdermal Patch a patch with an adhesive backing, which contains a drug, that is applied to the skin.
Created by: angeldavis