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S.S. Unit 3


What was important about the Magna Carta? Beginning of guarantee of English rights and civil liberties. "Even the King is not above the law"
What is the name of the group that makes the laws for England? Parliament-England's government
What was the English Bill of Rights? to elect leaders, to own land, freedom of speech and religion, to protest leaders, no excessive fines
Who were England's rivals in North America? Spain American Southwest Florida and France Ohio River Valley
Why were Native Americans involved in conflicts between the French and English? French NA Allies: Algonquins and Hurons; English NA Allies: Iroquois
Why were Native Americans more likely to side with the French than the English? more French in North America and more excepting of NA customs; English: looked down on NA
What was the 1st attempt to unify the colonies known as? Albany Plan of Union
What started the French and Indian war? Battle at Fort Necessity
What battle was the turning point in the war? Battle of Quebec
What were the terms of the peace agreement for the French and Indian War? Treaty of Paris and English gains all of Canada
How did the French and Indian war change the colonies? Pontiac's Rebellion -colonists move across App. mtns. onto NA lands
What did the British issue to avoid conflict with Native Americans? The proclamation of 1763-no settlers went west of the Appalachian mountains
What major problems did the British face after the French and Indian War? expansion- 10,000 troops sent to colonies to enforce Proclamation of 1763: war debt
What were the first attempts by the British to raise money? 1.) sugar act-indirect tax, molasses wine and coffee 2.) Stamp Act- direct tax, ex. legal documents, books playing cards
How did the colonists respond to these new taxes? Sons of Liberty-formed to oppose British policies; riots and violence; boycotts-refusal to buy
What does: NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION mean? colonial slogan based on Magna Carta; no elected colonial officials in Parliament=Parliament has no right to tax the colonies
Some other laws passed by Parliament that angered the colonists? Quartering Act-housing British soldiers; Townshend Acts-taxes on imported goods; Writs of Assistance- allowed British officers to enter homes to search for smuggled goods
What happened at the Boston Massacre? Protest outside of Boston Customs House that got out of control, five colonists dead-Crispus Attucks; used as propaganda
What was the Tea Act? gave East India Company exclusive rights to sell in the colonies
What was the impact of the Boston Massacre? Townshend Acts repealed: Committees of Correspondence; mistrust and tension remain
What was the colonial response to the Tea Act? Protests; Boston Tea Party- colonists dressed as NA and destroyed chests of tea
What was the British response to the Tea Party? Intolerable Acts(Coercive Acts); closed the port, banned meetings, dismissed govt., New Quartering Act
Why did the First Continental Congress meet? plan colonial response to Intolerable Acts, meeting all colonies except Georgia
What did the Continental Congress decide to do? Ban trade with England, colonies to set up militias, agree to meet again in 7 months
How did the Revolutionary War begin? minutemen and British meet at Lexington and then Concord
What did the 2nd Continental Congress do? set up Continental Army
What two types of categories did colonists fall into? patriots-supported independence; loyalists-supported British: 1 out of 5 Americans(20%)
What were some of the reasons that the colonists remained loyal to England? Independence, Family, Business, Fear, and Religion
Why was the Battle of Bunker Hill important? 1st major battle of war
What was the book that persuaded many colonists to embrace independence? Common Sense-written by Thomas Paine: gave reasons why the colonies should be independent of Great Britain; convinced colonists to become Patriots
What was the significance of July 4th 1776? Continental Congress accepts the Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson - based on philosophy of John Locke all people are born with natural rights
Created by: statclar