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Med. Term. Review11

Kidney anatomy and waste products

renal medulla inner layer of kidney that contains triangular-shaped renal pyramids
renal pyramids connect to minor calix (an area where urine drains) into renal pelvis (a large funnel-shaped cavity that becomes the ureter)
ureters Two 12-inch tubes leading to the bladder
parenchyma functional or working area of any organ Ex: Nephron of kidney
nephron microscopic structure, functional unit of kidney and site of urine production. The fist part of nephron is the glomerular capsule.
glomerulus a network of intertwining capillaries where filtration occurs
renin enzyme secreted by kidneys. Stimulates production of angiotensin, a powerful vasoconstrictor that causes blood vessels to constrict, increasing blood pressure
erythropoietin secreted by kidneys. Stimulates the bone marrow to produce more red blood cells
flank area of back between the ribs and hip bone that overlies the kidneys
creatinine waste product from muscle contractions
urea waste product from protein metabolism
uric acid waste product from purine metabolism
Created by: 100001033451881