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Miscellaneous Biologists

English, 1774-1857, naval officer and hydrographer, devised eponymous scale of wind force and a tabulated system of weather registration Sir Francis Beaufort
Scottish geologist, 1797-1875, wrote Principles of Geology, denied necessity of stupendous upheavals, arguing that the greatest geological changes might have been produced by forces still at work Sir Charles Lyell
Latin name of Gerhard Kremer, 16=512-94, Flemish geographer and map-maker, introduced map projection that bears his name, first to use the word "atlas" Geradus Mercator
German mineralogist, 1773-1839, wrote The Natural History System of Mineralogy, established scale of hardness Friedrich Mohs
American seismologist, 1900-85, devised absolute scale of earthquake strength Charles Richter
German meteorologist and geophysicist, 1880-1930, proposed theory of continental drift, led to science of plate tectonics Alfred Wegener
American horticulturalist, 1849-1926, pioneer in improving food plants through grafting and hybridization Luther Burbank
English molecular biologist, built model of DNA Francis Crick
English, 1809-82, naturalist, originator of theory of evolution by natural selection, wrote The Origin of Species Charles Darwin
Scottish bacteriologist, 1881-1955, discovered penicillin Alexander Fleming
Italian physiologist, 1737-98, investigated role of electrical impulses in animal tissue, connected frog to corresponding nerve and observed twitching Luigi Galvani
English biologist, 1825-95, during HMS Rattlesnake expedition to South Seas, foremost scientific supporter of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection Thomas Huxley
French naturalist, 1744-1829, made distinction between vertebrates and invertebrates, postulated that acquired characters can be inherited by later generations Jean Lamarck
Swedish naturalist, 1707-78, introduced binomial nomenclature of generic and specific names for animals and plants which permitted hierarchical organization Carolus Linnaeus
Austrian biologist and botanist whose principle of factorial inheritance, experiments in ybridity in plants led to Law of Segregation and Law of Independent Assortment Gregor Mendel
French chemist, 1822-95, founder of modern bacteriology, proposed germ theory of diseases, method of killing harmful bacteria in wine and milk Louis Pasteur
Russian physiologist, 1849-1936, study of conditioned reflexes Ivan Pavlov
American biologist, b. 1928, won Nobel for work on structure of DNA, wrote The Double Helix James Watson
Created by: betsynewmark