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APGP presidency

Executive Branch and Bureaucracy

What are the Qualifications for President? -Must be 35+ years -Natural born citizen -2 terms -US resident for 14 years 22nd Amendment says: -Term limit is 2 terms
Roles of the President? 2H5C -Head of State/ Party -Chief Law Enforcer/ Exec. -Commander-in-Chief(who will set the tone to guide us?) -Crisis Leader(Moral Leader) -Chief Legislator -Chief Budget Planner (under Office of Mgmt. & Budget) -Chief Diplomat
What does the Chief Legislator mean? The President of the United States is also the chief legislator. He can recall Congress into a special session. He may veto the bills passed by Congress, and use his influence on his colleagues in Congress to get a bill passed or proposed.
What is a Diplomat? One, such as an ambassador, who has been appointed to represent a government in its relations with other governments. NOTE: Often given to as a favor by the President to a close friend or colleague
What is the job of the VP? -The United States Vice President is the second-in-command of the Executive branch of US government. First in line of succession and the President of the Senate
[DEFINE] National Security Council A committee in the executive branch of government that advises the president on foreign and military and national security; supervises the Central Intelligence Agency
[DEFINE] Council of Economic Advisors An executive agency responsible for providing economic advice to the President
[DEFINE] Office of Mgmt. and Budget A Federal agency responsible for providing fiscal accounting and budgeting services for the Federal government. CABINET LEVEL
[DEFINE] US Trade Representatives The United States government agency responsible for developing and recommending United States trade policy to the President, conducting trade negotiations, and coordinating trade policy within the government
Constitution: Article II, Section II The President exercises the powers in the Advice and Consent Clause with the advice and consent of the Senate. +treaties and appointment clause
Constitution: Article II, Section III State of the Union/ Convening Congress
[DEFINE] State of the Union The President shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union
[DEFINE] Treaty Executive proposals - in the form of resolutions of ratification - that must be submitted to the Senate for approval by two-thirds of the senators present.
[DEFINE] Pardon The forgiveness of a crime and the penalty associated with it. It is granted by a head of state, such as a monarch or president
3 types of Vetoes -Regular Vetoes -Pocket Vetoes -Line-item vetoes
[DEFINE] Regular Veto The formal constitutional authority of the chief executive to reject bills passed by both houses of he legislative body, thus preventing their becoming law without further congressional action
[DEFINE] Pocket Veto If Congress adjourns during the 10 days the president has to consider a bill passed by both houses of Congress, without the presidential signature, the bill is considered vetoed.
[DEFINE] Line-Item Veto The authority of a chief executive to delete part of a bill passed b the legislature that involves taxing or spending. The legislature may override a veto, usually with a 2/3 majority of each chamber.
[DEFINE] Election process 1) States Select Delegates 2) The People Vote 3) Citizens Select Electors 4) Electors Elect Presidential candidate
[DEFINE] Electoral College Basically representatives who elect President based on info from every state
[DEFINE] Gerrymandering The legislative process through which the majority party in each statehouse tries to assure that the maximum number or reps fro it political party can be elected to Congress through the redrawing of legislative districts
Baker vs. Carr Watershed vase establishing the principle of one person, one vote, which requires that each legislative district within a state have the same number of eligible voters so that representations equitably based on population
[DEFINE] Executive Privilege An implied presidential power that allows the president to refuse to disclose info regarding confidential conversations or national security to Congress or the judiciary
[DEFINE] Executive Order Rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law. All executive orders must be published in the FEDERAL REGISTER
[DEFINE] Executive Agreement Formal government agreement entered into by the president that does not require the advice and consent of the US Senate
[DEFINE] War Powers Act Passed by Congress; the President is limited in the deployment of troops overseas to a 0-day period in peacetime unless Congress explicitly gives its approval for a longer period.
22nd and 25th Amendment TERM LIMITS
When do bureaucracies tend to get bigger? CRISIS War, Economic probs, etc.
Spoils System The firing of public-office holders of a defeated political party and replacing them with loyalists of the newly elected party
Patronage Jobs, grants, or other special favors that are given as rewards to friends and political allies for their support
Merit System The system by which federal civil service jobs are classified into grades or levels, to which appointments are made on the basis of performances on competitive examinations
Pendleton Act federal law established the United States Civil Service Commission, which placed most federal government employees on the merit system and marked the end of the so-called spoils system.
Hatch Act Legislation enacted by the U.S. Congress to eliminate corrupt practices in national elections.
What was the Hatch Act made in response to? in response to allegations that officials of the Works Progress Administration were using their positions to win votes for the Democratic Party
2 Things that the Hatch Act did It forbade intimidation or bribery of voters and restricted political campaign activities by federal employees. It also limited campaign contributions by individuals and spending by campaign committees.
The Federal Employees Political Activities Act Liberalization of the Hatch Act Federal employees are now allowed to run for office in nonpartisan elections and to contribute money to campaigns in partisan elections
Who are bureaucrats? Career gov. employees who work in the exec. branch in the Cabinet-level departments and independent agencies.
[DEFINE] Bureaucracy A set of complex hierarchical departments, agencies, commissions, and their staffs that exist to help a chief exec officer carry out his or her duties. Bureaucracies may be private organizations or governmental units.
Gov. Corporations Business established by Congress to perform functions that can be be provided by private businesses (i.e. US Postal Service)
Red Tape Term for excessive regulation to formal rules that is considered redundant or bureaucratic and prevents action or decision-making.
Cabinet The formal body of presidential advisers who head 15 executive departments. Presidents often add others to this body of formal advisers.
How does the Cabinet assist the President? They help him to make decisions and execute the law
A bill that is vetoed by the President... Can become law if Congress overrides the veto
The war powers act checks the President's power by... Requiring troops to be withdrawn in sixty days unless Congress declares war or issues an extension
Do Presidents lead cabinet meetings? No
Do Presidents oversea congressional election? No
Line Item Veto Legal or illegal? ILLEGAL
Order of succession Vice President Speaker of the House President Pro Tempore of the Senate Secretary of State
How stable is the size of the federal bureaucracy? Relatively stable (in recent years)
How do bureaucrats get selected to bureaucracies? They must take exams to prove their qualifications
The role of a bureaucracy is to... Implement policies
Name 2 gov. corp.s Amtrak, the Post Office
How does the President exercise his influence over the federal bureaucracies? By appointing admin.s sympathetic to his policy agenda
T/F Laws are implemented in ways that are consistent with bureaucrats' preference True
Why was the dept. of homeland security created? To address the fragmentation of responsibility among various bureaucracies
Pendleton Civil Service Act is significant because? it created the federal civil service and prescribed that the hiring of civil servants be based on merit.
Baker vs. Carr prevents... Gerrymandering
VP's exec. job to be the next in line for Pres.
VP's legislative job... Pres. of the Senate
22nd Amendment 2 term limit, brought upon by George Washington's beliefs, and FDRs multiple terms
25th Amendment Line of succession.
Treaties need... Advice and consent of the Senate
Steps to becoming Pres. 1) Announce your candidate 2) Ballot 3) Gain support of a party 4) Campaign 5) Political Convention nominates you 6) General election 7) Electoral college 8).......YOU WIN!!!
How is the size of a bureaucracy measured? By the number of employees?
HAS THE EFFECT OF LAW... Civil rights and the desegregation of the military are examples of what? Executive Order
Who do Presidents appoint? -Ambassadors -Federal Judges -Supreme Court Justices -Cabinet members
The Honeymoon Period -Bi-Partisan support of President -From FDR's New Deal -First 100 days -President can easily get bills through Congress
What are all Cabinet members called Except one? What is that one? Secretaries of... and the Attorney General
Independent Regulatory Agencies Part of bureaucracy, regulate specific part of public life/safety
Created by: Ylimeli