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6th EE Chapter 4

6th EE Chapter 4 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Subcontinent A large landmass that is geographically separated from the rest of a continent
Grid A set of intersecting lines
Latitude Lines which run east and west on the globe
Longitude Lines which run north and south on the globe
Parallel Also known as the lines of latitude, are always the same distance apart and never meet.
Degrees A unit of measurement in geography that indicates the distance between the lines of latitude and longitude
Meridian Any line of longitude east or west of Earth's prime meridian
Prime Meridian 0° longitude
Global Grid Lines of latitude and longitude cross to form this
citadel A strong fortress
Hinduism One of the world's oldest religion, began with the Aryan invaders of India
Vedas Contains the basic beliefs of Hinduism and also known as the "Books of Knowledge"
caste system Organizes all of India's Hindus into hundreds of groups and levels
reincarnation A Hindu belief that people move in a constant cycle of life, death, and rebirth
dharma Includes hundreds of rules that tell Hindus of each caste how to live
monk A man who gives up all he owns and gives his life to his religion
karma A force caused by a person's good and bad acts
Four Noble Truths In Buddhism, the principles that rule life and promise an end to suffering
Eightfold Path A set of instructions on the proper way to live
Middle Way In Buddhism, a way of life, that is neither too strict nor too easy that results from following the Eightfold Path
Buddhism A religion founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama which teaches that the most important thing in life is to reach peace by ending suffering
Siddhartha Gautama Became known as the Buddha
tribute A tax, often in the form of crops, paid by one ruler to another, usually to ensure peace or protection
architecture The art and science of designing buildings
Asoka Emperor of India from 265to 238 B.C., was a ruler of the Maurya Empire and had united almost all of the Indian subcontinent for the first time
Chandragupta Maurya Built an empire called the Maurya Empire that lasted 140 years
Chandragupta I Founded the Gupta Empire in northeastern India
Samudragupta Expanded the Gupta Empire and ruled from 330 to 380 and allowed the conquered kings to remain in power
Chandragupta II Son of Samudragupta, he was the emperor from 380 to 415
Kalidasa A poet and playwright who wrote the play "Shakuntala"
Created by: jzupsic1 on 2010-11-23



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