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AHP/Lesson 11

AHP/Lesson 11/Grammar Basics

noun person, place or thing
proper noun refers specifically to one person, place or thing and is capitalized
pronoun takes place of a noun
personal pronoun I, me, my; you, your, he, him, his; she, her, her; it, its; we, us, our, they, them, their
possessive pronoun mine, yours is, hers, ours, theirs, whosse, my, your, his, her, its, our, their
demonstrative prounouns this, that, these, those
relative pronouns that, what, whatever, which, whichever, who, whoever, whom, whomever, whose
indefinite pronouns all, another, any, anybody, anything, both, each, either, every, everybody, everyone, everything, few, many, most, much, neither, no one, nobody, none, one, several, some, somebody, someone, something, such
interrogative pronouns what, which, who whom, whose
expletive pronouns it, there
reflexive pronouns myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
verb term of action or a state/action of being
present tense/base form of verb shows action that is happening now
present participle form of verb -ing form
past tense/past form of verb shows action that has already happened
past participle form of verb -ed form
static verbs express a form of being (to be, appear, seem, prove, remain, look, taste, smell, feel and sound)
dynamic verbs express action
helping verbs work with other verbs to express time or mood (may, might, should, could, would, have, can, must, will, am, are, was, were)
adjective modifies, or limits the meaning of, a noun or pronoun (can identify, quantify or describe)
articles adjectives that include a, an, the
numbers adjectives that tell quantity
possessive adjectives Esther's, hers, your, etc.
demonstrative adjectives this, that, those, these
indefinite adjectives any, some, a few, all
interrogative adjectives which, what
descriptive adjectives describe color, shape, style, etc.
adverbs modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs (answers when, where, how, how much); can also join two phrases or sentences (ex. however)
prepositions link words (nouns, pronouns or phrases) to the rest of a sentence; answers where & when (ex. in, under, on, until, during
conjunctions join words, phrases and clauses
coordinating conjunctions for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so
subordinating conjunctions after, although, as, as if, as long as, as though, because, before, eventhough, if, in order that, once, since, so that, though, unless, until, when, whenever, where, whereas, wherever, whether, while
correlative conjunctions both/and, either/or, if/then, neither/nor, not only/but also
interjections add emotion to a sentence (hey, wow, alas, oh my, now)
antonyms words that are oppposite in meaning to each other
homophones terms that sound alike but are not spelled alike and have different meanings