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Apologia Module 1.0

Into To The History Of Science

Imhotep An ancient Egyptian doctor who lived around 2650 B.C. and was well known for his knowledge of medicine. People traveled from all over the Middle East to see him in hopes that he could cure their illness.
Greeks Introduced atoms
Leucippus Greek scientist who believed all matter is made of little units called atoms. He is known as the father of the atomic theory.
What happens to the atoms when you add heat to a substance? They move much faster.
Aristotle Greek scientist who was the first to make a large-scale attempt at classifying plants and animals.
Spontaneous generation The idea that living organisms can be spontaneously formed from non-living substances. (Aristotle)
Archimedes Greek scientist best known for his work with fluids. First to show how you could predict whether or not an object would float in a liquid.
Ptolemy Greek scientist was the first to attempt a description of the planets and stars. Invented the geocentric belief system.
geocentric system Believed the earth was the center of the universe and did not move and planets and stars orbited around the earth in circles.
alchemy A form of chemistry which tried to find a method to transform an inexpensive substance into an expensive substance. For example: lead into gold.
chemical reaction One or more substances interact to form a new substance.
supernova Explosion of a star.
nebula Cloud of dust and gas that can be formed from the explosion of a star.
Copernicus Placed the sun at the center of everything with the planets (including earth)traveling around it. (heliocentric system)
heliocentric system Sun is at the center with planets traveling around it.
Vesalius Doctor who was the first to write a book (in 1543) detailing all the "insides" of the human body. Revolutionized how medicine was taught.
Kepler Discovered that planets travel around the sun in ellipses or oval patterns.
Galileo Did much work with telescopes and improved their design. He discovered that planets do not shine on their own, but appear as lights because they reflect the sun.
Sir Isaac Newton 3 Laws Of Motion. One was the universal law of gravitation.
universal law of gravitation The force of gravity acts between all objects in the universe.
Lavoisier First to realize that matter cannot be created or destroyed--it can only change forms.
Charles Darwin The theory of evolution.
Louis Pasteur Developed pasteurization.
Gregor Mendel Modern field of genetics is based on his studies of reproduction.
First Law Of Thermodynamics Energy cannot be created or destroyed--it can only change forms.
Albert Einstein The Theory of Relativity - Matter is really just another form of energy. They can each be converted to each other.
Created by: Christopher1997