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organism a living thing
cell the basic unit of structure and function in an organism
unicellular a single celled organism
multicellular an organism composed of many cells
autotroph an organism that makes it's own food
heterotroph an organism that cannot make it's own food
homeostasis the maintenance of stable conditions
classification kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species,
taxonomy the scientific study of how living things are classified
binomial nomenclature the naming system Linnaeus used
virus a tiny, nonliving particle that enters and then reproduces inside a living cell
host an organism that provides a source of energy for another organism
parasite an organism that lives in or on a host and causes it harm
bacteriophage a virus that infects bacteria
bacteria single celled organisms, prokaryotes, genetic material is not contained by nucleus
flagellum a long, whip like structure that helps a cell move
binary fission bacteria's way of reproduction; one cell divides into two identical cells
conjugation one of the way bacteria reproduces, when bacterium transfers genetic material into another bacterium through a thin bridge
endospore small, rounded, thick-walled, resting cell that forms inside a bacterial cell
eukaryote cells that have a nucleus
prokaryote cells that have a nucleus
nucleus the "center" that controls the cells
infectious diseases illnesses that pass from one organism to another
antibiotic resistance results when some bacteria are able to survive in the presence of an antibiotic
vaccine a substance introduced into the body to stimulate the production of chemicals that destroy specific viruses or bacteria
symbiosis a close relationship in which at least one of the species benefits
protist eukaryotes that cannot be classified as animals, plants, or fungi
cilia hairlike projections that move with a wave-like motion
protozoan animal-like protists
psuedopod temporary bulges of the cell
algae plantlike protists
algal bloom rapid growth of a population of algae
fungi eukaryotes that have cell wall, are heterotrophs that feed by absorbing their food, and use spores to reproduce
hyphae the branching, threadlike tubes that make up bodies of multicellular fungi
fruiting bodies reproductive structures in which fungi produce spore
budding a form of asexual reproduction in which no spores are produced, and instead a small yeast cell grows from the body of a parent cell, then breaks away and lives on its own
Created by: kashwood1