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combining forms 4


phyt/o plant
pil/o hair
pineal/o pineal gland
plant/o sole of the foot
ple/o more; many
plex/o plexus; network (of nerves)
pol/o extreme
polyp/o polyp; small growth
poster/o back (of body); behind
presby/o old age
prot/o first
prurit/o itching
pupil/o pupil (dark center of the eye)
purul/o pus
pylor/o pylorus; pyloric sphincter
pyret/o fever
pyrex/o fever
radicul/o nerve root
reticul/o network
retin/o retina
rhabdomy/o striated (skeletal) muscle
rheumat/o water flow
rhytid/o wrinkle
roentgen/o x-rays
rrhythm/o rhythm
salping/o fallopian tube; auditory (eustachian) tube
sarc/o flesh (connective tissue)
scapul/o scapula; shoulder blade
scint/i spark
scirrh/o hard
scler/o sclera (white of eye)
scot/o darkness
seb/o sebum
sebace/o sebum
sect/o to cut
semin/i semen; seed
sialaden/o salivary gland
sider/o iron
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
silic/o glass
sinus/o sinus
somn/o sleep
sperm/o spermatozoa; sperm cells
sphen/o wedge; sphenoid bone
sphygm/o pulse
splanchn/o viscera (internal organs)
spin/o spine (backbone)
spir/o to breathe
spondyl/o vertebra (backbone)
squam/o scale
staped/o stapes (middle ear bone)
staphyl/o clusters; vulva
steat/o fat, sebum
ster/o solid structure; steroid
stere/o solid; three-dimensional
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
strept/o twisted chains
styl/o pole or stake
submaxill/o mandible (lower jaw bone)
syncop/o to cut off, cut short; faint
syndesm/o ligament
synov/o synovial; synovial membrane; sheath around a tendon
syring/o tube
tars/o tarsus; hindfoot or ankle
tax/o order, coordination
tel/o complete
tele/o distant
tendin/o tendon
terat/o monster; malformed fetus
thalam/o thalamus
thalass/o sea
the/o put; place
thec/o sheath
thel/o nipple
therapeut/o treatment
thry/o thyroid gland; shield
tibi/o tibia; shin bone
toc/o labor; birth
ton/o tension
tone/o stretch
top/o place, position, location
trigon/o trigone (area within the bladder)
troph/o nourishment, development
tympan/o tympanic membrane (eardrum); middle ear
uln/o ulna (medial lower arm bone)
ungu/o nail
uter/o uterus (womb)
uve/o uvea, vascular layer of the eye (iris, choroid, ciliary body)
varic/o varicose veins
vas/o vessel, duct; vas deferens
vascul/o vessel (blood)
vener/o venereal (sexual contact)
venul/o small vein
vesic/o urinary bladder
vesicul/o seminal vesicle
vestibul/o vestibule of the inner ear
viscer/o internal organs
vit/o life
vitr/o vitreous body (of the eye)
vitre/o glass
viv/o life
vol/o to roll
vulv/o vulva (female external genitalia)
xen/o stranger
xiph/o sword
zo/o animal life
Created by: lizasam