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Chapter 6 Part II

Southeastern Institute SA Trail Guide Chapter 6: Part II

QuestionAnswer
All muscles in this group ADDUCT and MEDIALLY ROTATE the hip ADDUCTORS
How may ADDUCTOR muscles are there? 5
O - pubis to ischial tuberosity I - linea aspera to adductor tubercle ADDUCTOR MAGNUS
Only ADDUCTOR that will extend the hip ADDUCTOR MAGNUS
What muscle is also known as the "4th HAMSTRING"? ADDUCTOR MAGNUS
What is the most posterior ADDUCTOR? ADDUCTOR MAGNUS
What ADDUCTOR is a continuation of the muscle fibers of PSOAS? PECTINEUS
The bony landmarks of the pelvis (superior and inferior rami of the pubis, pubic tubercle & ischial tuberosity) will help you access the ORIGINS of this muscle group ADDUCTORS
O - pubic tubercle I - medial lip of the linea aspera ADDUCTOR LONGUS
O - pubis I - pes anserinus/proximal medial shaft of the tibia GRACILIS
O - inferior ramus of pubis I - pectineal line and medial lip of the linea aspera ADDUCTOR BREVIS
O - Superior ramus of pubis I - Pectineal line of femur PECTINEUS
What are the most anterior ADDUCTORS? ADDUCTOR LONGUS & PECTINEUS
Only ADDUCTOR to cross the tibiofemoral joint GRACILIS
This is the only ADDUCTOR to FLEX the knee GRACILIS
All ADDUCTORS have a common ORIGIN at the PUBIS
PSOAS MAJOR and ILIACUS are called ILIOPSOAS
O - transverse process of the lumbar vertebra I - lesser trochanter PSOAS MAJOR
O - iliac fossa I - lesser trochanter ILIACUS
Roughly 40% of the population have this muscle PSOAS MINOR
Assists to create lordotic curvature in the lumbar spine and tilts the pelvis posteriorly PSOAS MINOR
PSOAS MAJOR and ILIACUS have the primary action of HIP FLEXION
O - Body and transverse process of first lumbar vertebra I - Superior ramus of pubis PSOAS MINOR
The INGUINAL LIGAMENT, SATORIUS and ADDUCTOR LONGUS form the FEMORAL TRIANGLE
The femoral artery, nerve and vein form a neurovascular bundle that goes through the FEMORAL TRIANGLE
Superficial band stretching from the ASIS and the pubis INGUINAL LIGAMENT
Distal to the inguinal ligament, these feel like small bumps Inguinal lymph nodes
Ligaments, tendons, fasciae and retinacula are all forms of what kind of tissue CONNECTIVE
Another name for the coxal joint is HIP
Flexion of the hip will shorten this muscle PECTINEUS
The two dimples at the small of the back can help identify what bony landmark PSIS
The ASIS and PSIS can be found on each end of this bony landmark ILIAC CREST
The INGUINAL LIGAMENT(Superiorly), SATORIUS (Laterally) and ADDUCTOR LONGUS(Medially) form the FEMORAL TRIANGLE
The femoral artery, nerve and vein form a neurovascular bundle that goes through the FEMORAL TRIANGLE
Superficial band stretching from the ASIS and the pubis INGUINAL LIGAMENT
Distal to the inguinal ligament, these feel like small bumps Inguinal lymph nodes
Ligaments, tendons, fasciae and retinacula are all forms of what kind of tissue CONNECTIVE
Another name for the coxal joint is HIP
Opening for arteries, nerves, etc located inferiorly in the ADDUCTOR MAGNUS ADDUCTOR HIATUS
The two dimples at the small of the back can help identify what bony landmark PSIS
The ASIS and PSIS can be found on each end of this bony landmark ILIAC CREST
This group of muscles EXTEND THE HIP and FLEX THE KNEE HAMSTRINGS
How many HAMSTRINGS muscles are there? 3
All of the HAMSTRINGS ORIGINATE from this bony landmark ISCHIUM (ISCHIAL TUBEROSITY)
O - ischial tuberosity I - head of fibula BICEPS FEMORIS - LONG HEAD
O - lateral lip of the linea aspera I - head of fibula BICEPS FEMORIS - SHORT HEAD
O - ischial tuberosity & lateral lip of linea aspera I - head of fibula BICEPS FEMORIS
What HAMSTRINGS muscle has 2 bellies? BICEPS FEMORIS
What muscle is referred to as the "filet mignon" or "tenderloin" PSOAS MAJOR
O - ischial tuberosity I - proximal, medial tibia at pes anserinus SEMITENDINOSUS
O - ischial tuberosity I - posterior aspect of medial condyle of tibia SEMIMEMBRANOSUS
Prime mover or agonist for HIP FLEXION ILIOPSOAS
If you are palpating between the UMBILICUS(navel)and ASIS, follow your client's exhalation and you will feel what muscle? PSOAS MAJOR
If you curl your fingers around the anterior portion of the illiac fossa, you will palpate what muscle? ILIACUS
Only ADDUCTOR that helps to flex the hip PECTINEUS
Most medial ADDUCTOR GRACILIS
What adductor lies superficially on the medial thigh GRACILIS
This lateral hip rotators fibers run horizonally QUADRATUS FEMORIS
O - lateral border of the ischial tuberosity I - Intertrochanteric crest between the greater and lesser trochanters QUADRATUS FEMORIS
This muscle laterally rotates the hip QUADRATUS FEMORIS
Created by: dlscott5965 on 2010-11-02



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