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SOC 101 Test 3 FeC

Test # 3

De Jure segregation segregation by law
De Facto segregation segregation by practice - that even though it is illegal, people still do it.
affirmative action programs that abolish de jure discrimination and provided some opportunities for well educated.
Discrimination Unequal treatment of various categories of people.
ethnicity a shared cultural heritage
genocide systematic killing of one category of people by another.
assimilation the process by which minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant culture
Institutional prejudice and discrimination bias built into the operation of society's institutions.
stereotype an exaggerated description applied to every person in some category.
segregation the physical and social separation of categories of people.
racism the belief that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to another.
race a socially constructed category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important.
prejudice A rigid and unfair generalization about an entire category of people.
hate crime a criminal act against a person or person's property by an offender motivated by racial or other bias.
tertiary sector the part of the economy that involves services rather than goods.
secondary sector the part of the economy that transforms raw materials into manufactured goods.
primary sector the part of the economy that draws raw materials from the natural environment.
modernization the process of social change begun by industrialization.
industry the production of goods using advanced sources of energy to drive large machinery.
economy social institution that organizes a society's production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
polygamy marriage that unites a person with two or more spouses
patriarchy a form of social organization in which males dominate females
nuclear family a family composed of one or two parents and their children; also known as conjugal family
monogamy marriage that unites two partners
matriarchy form of social organization in which females dominate males.
marriage a legal relationship usually involving economic as well as sexual activity and child-bearing
kinship a social bond based on common ancestry, marriage or adoption.
family a social institution found in all societies that unites people in cooperative groups to care for one another, including any children
extended family a family composed of parents and children as well as other kin AKA consanguine family.
exogamy marriage between people of different social categories
endogamy marriage between people of the same social category
cohabitation sharing of a household by an unmarried couple
heterosexuality sexual attraction to someone of the opposite/other sex
homosexuality sexual attraction to someone of the same sex
sexual orientation person's romantic and emotional attraction to another person
sexism the belief that one sex is innately superior to the other
homophobia discomfort over close personal interaction with people thought to be gay, lesbian, or bisexual
bisexuality sexual attraction to people of both sexes
sex the biological distinction between females and males
gender roles attitudes and activities that a society links to each sex
incest taboo a norm forbidding sexual relations or marriage between relatives
asexuality no sexual attraction to people of either sex
gender the personal traits and social positions that members a society attach to being female or male
feminism the advocacy of social equality for women and men, in opposition to patriarchy and sexism
sexual harassment comments, gestures, or physical contacts of a sexual nature that are deliberate, repeated, and UNWELCOME
gender stratification the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege between men and women
transsexual people who feel they are one sex even though biologically they are the other
segregation the physical and social separation of categories of people
Created by: eduktd