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sociology midterm

macro-level orientation a broad focus on social structure that shape society as a whole
4 themes of Forbidden Fruit 1.ambivalence 2.sex is not rampant 3.religious involvement is not equal to religious influence 4.social context matters
structure any relatively stable pattern of social behavior
church a type of religious organization that is well integrated into the larger society
ritual a formal, ceremonial behavior
ethnocentric don't always realize we are in our own culture
denomination recognizes religious pluralism
paradigm accepted way of thinking
subculture cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society's population
forms variation of societal legitimacy; most-legit:church least-legit: cult ex: churches, sects, cults.
2 perspectives of sociology 1. seeing strange in familiar 2. seeing personal choice in social context
sociological perspective the systematic study of human society (individuals, groups, institutions, etc.); searching for general patterns in the behavior of particular people.
religion social institution involving beliefs and practices based on recognizing the sacred
2 types of culture 1. material 2. non-material
culture shock usually are quite aware when we are in different culture
sect religious organization that stands apart from religious society
totems religious symbols, usually reflecting the sacred
profane the ordinary and commonplace elements of life as distinguished
family social institution in all societies that unites people in cooperative groups to care for one another, including children
sex biological distinctions and sex characteristics
sexual orientation romantic & emotional attraction to another person
counterculture cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society
culture the way of life among a people
patrilocal a residential pattern in which a married couple lives with or near the husband's family
exogamy marriage between people of different social categories
endogamy marriage between people of the same social category
secularization the historical decline in the importance of the super-natural and the sacred
polytheism belief in many gods
monotheism belief in a single divine power
micro-level orientation a close-up focus on social interaction in specific situations
neolocal a residential pattern in which a married couple lives apart from both sets of parents
matrilocal a residential pattern in which a married couple lives with or near the wife's family
socialization process by which individuals learn social norms by ex: family, groups, organizations, media
latent function unintended function
extended family a family in which relatives live in the same home as parents and their children
moral order a sense of right & wrong
cult has a charismatic leader, message is highly outside of social norms; offensive-counter-culture
sacred elements beyond everyday life that inspire awe, respect, and even fear, reverence
profane included as an ordinary element or everyday life
homosexual low heterosexual but high homosexual attraction
asexual low heterosexual or homosexual attraction
religion institutionalized system or symbols beliefs, and values, and practices to interpret the sacred and ultimate meaning
erotic arousing sexual love or desire
functionalism paradigm society is a system of interdependent sub-systems; change is evolutionary in developmental ways; developed by Emile Durkheim
bisexual high heterosexual and high homosexual attraction
heterosexual high heterosexual but low homosexual attraction
manifest function intended function or outcome
function consequence of any social pattern, outcome of the structure
symbolic interactionism paradigm split into macro and micro; developed by Max Weber and Erving Goffman; society is produced by everyday interactions; symbols are negotiated, meanings assigned to set of symbols, change occurs within those societies when the interactions change
available options no public education means no schools; use resources around
belief part of culture; learn from family, friends ex:religion
law norm that has been codified by government ex:can't kill people
norm everyday societal things; socially accepted mode of behavior ex: standing in elevator facing forward
sociology the systematic study of human society
conflict paradigm developed by Karl Marx, social system maintained to benefit those in power, change is a product of conflict among groups
nuclear family type of family where married couple and their unmarried children live together
cohabitation the sharing of a household by an unmarried couple
structural-functional approach framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability
social-conflict approach framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change
religiosity the importance of religion in a person's life
Confucianism morals more important than self interest
Judaism believe they are God's chosen people, follow Old Testament and 10 Commandments
Buddhism nirvana, study teachings of Siddhartha Gautama
Islam God came to the world through the prophet Muhammad, who then put it in the Qur'an
Hinduism Universe is made of moral force, believes in dharma and karma
Christianity Jesus is the son of God
egalitarian believing in the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal opportunities
family social institutions in all societies that unites people in cooperative groups to care for one another including children
family diversities race, class, gender
family functions reproduce/make babies, raise children
marginality feeling like an outsider
15, mom died when young, rebellious in teens, catholic household, sister brought her into faith, regrets losing virginity Valerie
17, parents are 2 diff. faiths(roman catholic/ortho), goes to ortho church, strong morals, virgin, but participates in oral sex with gf Ben
15, cheerleader, family doesn't attend church, Methodist household, goes to Baptist church with friends, values tolerance, references bible, sex with bf but its okay Kristin
16, African American, extremely religious claims, doesn't like Baptists, judges other religions, sex w/ friend, screw up; ask God for forgiveness Jarrod
17, arrested for marijuana, high religiosity, goes to Roman Catholic church, wishes he could escape religion, upset about not having sex recently Justin
17, close-knit family, not raised religiously, brought parents into faith, Evangelical Protestant, virgin, bf of 2 years Carla
subculture cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a societies population
counterculture cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society
Created by: jauble