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Inside a Cell

Cell Membrane the outer protective covering of the cell
anatomy the study of the form and structure of an organism
physiology the study of the process of living organisms, or why or how they work
pathophysiology the study of how disease occurs and the responses of living organisms to diseases processes
protoplasm the basic substance of life
cell microscopic structures that carry on all the functions of life
cytoplasm a semi-fluid inside the cell
organelles cell structures that help a cell to function
nucleus a mass in the cytoplasm. controls many cell activities and is important in cell division
nucleolus located inside the nucleus, and is important in cell reproduction
chromatin located in the nucleus and made of DNA and protein
centrosome located in the nucleus and made of DNA and protein
mitochondria rod-shaped organelles located throughout the cytoplasm. They break down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
golgi apparatus a stack of membrane layers located in the cytoplasm. Produces, stores, and packages secretions for discharge of the cell
endoplasmic reticulum a fine network of tubular structures located in the cytoplasm. Allows for the transport of materials into and out of the nucleus
lysosome oval or round bodies found throughout the cytoplasm. Contain digestive enzymes that digest and destroy old cells, bacteria, and foreign materials, and important function of the body's immune system
pinocytic vesticles pocket-like folds in the cell membrane. allows large molecules such as proteins and fats to enter the cell
mitosis a form of asexual reproduction
meiosis when sex cells are dicvided
tissue when cells of the same type join together for a common purpose
dehydration if there is not enough tissue fluid
edema when their is too much tissue fluid
epithelial tissue covers the service of the body and is the main tissue in the skin
connective tissue the supporting fabric of organs and other body parts
nerve tissue made up of special cells called neurons
muscle tissue produces power and movement by contraction of muscle fibers
organ two or more tissues joined together to perform a specific function
system organs and other body parts joined together to perform a particular function
Created by: Presley15