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Geographical Terms 1

Climate and Weather

The condition of the atmosphere at one point on the earth's surface at a given time Weather
The type of climate characterized by sparse rainfall, with hot or variable temperatures Desert
Pertaining to the side facing the wind Windward
A warm ocean current issuing from the gulf of mexico and flowing northward along the eastern coast of the United States Gulf Stream
The most common storm worldwide, characterized by lighting, thunder, and usually, heavy rain Thunder Storm
The average conditions of weather in a region over a period of years Climate
Term for a hot climate, with either heavy rainfall year-round or wet summers and dry winters Tropical
Pertaining to the side away from the wind Leeward
A cold ocean current that rises in the Artic Ocean and follows the eastern coast of Canada southward Labrador current
A funnel-shaped cloud with violent winds that affects a limited area Tornado
The layers of air that surround the earth Atmosphere
Term for a climate typical of the interior of continents, characterized by hot summers and cold winters, with varying amounts of precipitaion Continental
The usual westerly winds that blow between 30 degrees and 60 degrees latitude, both north and south of the equator Prevailing Winds
The continuation of the Gulf Stream that carries warm water northeastward past the northwest coast of Europe North Atlantic Current
A tropical late-summer storm accompanied by high winds and heavy rain Hurricane
The depositing of moisture in the form of rain, hail, snow, sleet, or ice on the earth's surface Precipitaion
Term for a climate of the lower latitudes, where the summers are hot and dry and the winters are warm and rainy Mediterranean
Winds blowing steadily over the ocean toeard the equator, from the northeast in the northern hemisphere and the southeast in the southern Trade Winds
A cold ocean current in the Pacific Ocean that flows northward along the west coast of South America Peru Current
A seasonal Wind of Southern Asia that brings heavy rain from the south in summer and dry air from the north in the winter Monsoon
The amount of moisture in the air Humidity
Term for a climate influenced by the sea, having warm summers and cooler winters and adequate rainfall year-round Marine
Certain region near the equator where the wind is very light or constantly shifting Doldrums
The warm current that flows from the Pacific tropics along the coast of Japan Japan Current
A tropical storm in Southeast Asia accompanied by high winds and torrential rain. Typhoon
The study of atmospheric conditions as they pertain to weather Meteorology
Term for the climate type characterized by cool summers, cold winters, and light precipitation Tundra
The weight of air on the surface of the earth, which varies from place to place Air Pressure
The current that carried warm water southward from the tropics along the eastern coast of south america Brazil Current
A narrow band where two contrasting air masses meet, interact, and often produce stormy weather. Front