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Geography: Chapter 2

Section 3: Climate and What Influences It

weather the day to day changes in the air
temperature how hot or cold the air feels
precipitation water that falls to the ground as rain, sleet, hail, or snow.
climate average weather over many years.
Gulf Stream a warm ocean current in the North Atlantic, flowing northeastward off the North American coast.
Peru Current a cold water current of the south-east Pacific Ocean, flows between 40 degrees south and 4 degrees south.
California Current a southward flowing oceanic current along the West Coast of North America; flows between 48 degrees North and 23 degrees North.
St. Louis the largest city in Missouri, on the Mississippi River.
San Francisco a seaport city in California
What happens to hot air masses in the low latitudes? It is hot, so it rises moves to higher latitudes where air is not as hot.
climates on the coastal side of mountains moist
What happens to cold air from the higher latitudes? It is cold, so it sinks and moves to the lower latitudes where air is not as cold.
climate on the inland side of moutains dry
What are ocean currents from the tropics like? warm and travel to cooler areas, giving off warmth.
What is climate affected by? Latitude, movements of wind and ocean currents.
What are the 5 types of climates? tropical, dry, moderate, continental, and polar.
currents fast moving rivers in the ocean caused by the Earth's rotation.
What is the affect of a town located near a lake or an ocean during the summertime? The air will be cooler.
tornadoes twisting and swirling funnels of air that can reach 200 miles per hour.
hurricanes violent wind and rain storms that form over the tropics in the Atlantic Ocean
typhoons violent wind and rain storms that form over the Pacific Ocean
Wind and Water can cause: milder climates or storms
Is "rainy" an example of weather or climate? weather
Is "tropical" an example of weather or climate? climate
latitude affects ____________ temperature
without wind and water the Earth would _______ overheat
Why is it cooler by the water? Because water takes longer to heat or cool than land.
what causes wind? the Earth's rotation
what direction does wind blow? east to west or west to east
What is a positive aspect to storms? They bring water back to the land.
Created by: Adamsthornell