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Science 1-64

Nature of Science

observation The act of gathering information using your 5 senses: sight, sound, smell, taste, touch
quantitative observation A numerical observation
qualitative observation A descriptive observation
inference Your opinion based on an observation
variable A quantity that varies or changes; anything that can affect the results of an experiment
manipulated variable The variable which is changed or "manipulated"--is graphed on the X axis
responding variable The variable which reacts to the manipulated variable--is graphed on the y axis
controlled variable Any variable which remains the same throughout any testing
controlled experiment All the variables stay the same except the manipulated variable--the responding variable reacts to the manipulated variable so it changes
hypothesis a possible solution to a scientific problem
phenomena Any observable event
analyzing data The process of using various forms of data to determine the validity of a hypothesis; to organize information gotten from an experiment and/or revise interpretation of data based on new information
classifying The ability to place objects into groups based on their characteristics
communicating The process of describing scientific phenomena--types of communicating include oral, written, pictures, models
experimenting The process of testing a hypothesis through the use of materials and the control of variables
inferring An interpretation of one's direct observation (past experiences are generally used as a basis for the interpretation)
making hypotheses The process of developing and/or identifying if...then statements which can be tested by conducting an appropriate experiment
measuring Making quantitative (numerical) observations using units of measurements and measuring devices
predicting The process of determining or anticipating future events based upon past observations and experiences
recognizing and controlling variables The process of identifying the variables of a system and choosing those to be held constant and those to be manipulated
Created by: sullivan64