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health and Human dev

Chpt 1- Measuring Health Status

A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries; measured in the unit called the DALY Burden of Disease
Disability Adjusted Life Years a measure of burden of disease- one DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury. DALYs
A complete state of physical, social and emotional wellbeing and not mearly the absence of disease or infirmity. Health
Health Adjusted Life Expectancy. The number of years in full health that a person can expect to live based on current rates of ill health and mortality. HALE
An individual's or population's overall level of health, taking into account various aspects such as LE, amount of disability, and levels of disease risk factors. Health Status
The property within a living organism that regulates its internal and external environment to maintain stability and constancy. Homeostasis
Three components of health, which combined to form what is known as an individual's or group's health status. Components are physical, social and mental. Dimensions of Health
Dimension of health. Relates to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems, and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness. Physical Health
Dimension of health. Being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way. Social Health
Dimension of health. State of wellbeing in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productivly and is able to make a contribution to his or her community Mental Health
The level of healthiness that a person is experiencing illustrated on a line ranging from optimal health to death. Health continuuim
Life Expectancy. An indication of how long a person can expect to live from birth. LE
The number of deaths caused by a particular disease, illness or other environmental factor. Mortality
The number of deaths of children under five years of age per 1000 live births. Under 5 mortality rate
Ill health in an individual and levels of ill health in a population or group. Morbidity
Years of Life Lost. Defined as the years of life lost due to death. YLL
Years Lost due to Disability. A measurement of the healthy years lost due to disease or injuries. YLD
The number or rate of new cases of a particular condition during a specific time. Incidence
The number of cases of a particular disease or condition present in a population at a given time. Prevalence
Factors that raise or lower a level of health in a population or individual. Classified as Biological, behavioural, environmental and social. Determinants of Health
Factors relating to the body that impact on health, such as genetics, gender, hormones, body weight, blood pressure, cholesterol levels and birth weight. Biological Determinants
Actions or patterns of living of an individual or a group that impact on health, such as smoking, sexual activity, participation in physical activity and eating practices. Behavioural Determinants
Aspects of society and the social environment that impact on health, such as poverty, early life experiences, social networks and support. Social Dterminants
All external factors that impact on the health and development of an individual such as home, school, geographical location (rural or city area). Environmental Determinants
Created by: gmoloney