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A.P World History

A.P. World History <3

QuestionAnswer
This was the first central city for Muslims Mecca
God in Arabic is Allah
Muslims believe in one God, meaning they are a monotheistic Religion
Muslims do not except this prophet as "the son of God" Jesus
The five pillars of Islam are: Faith, Prayer,Fasting,Almsgiving,Hadj
The mystical Muslims are Known as Suffis
A muslim pope A.k.a head of Muslim People Caliph
Took over after Prophet Muhammed (p.b.u.h) Died Abu Bakkar
these are descendants of the Prophet Shia
choosen from among the Umma Sunni
Jihad Holy war
After the death of Uthman this dynasty took over the islamic empire Abbasid
3 Islamic Urban Centers were Baghdad,Cairo,Cordoba
" People of the Book" Christians,Jews,Muslims
1200's Mongols destroy Baghdad
Persian Leaders...A.k.a Sultans took over what Islamic Urban Center? Baghdad
Sacred LAw Sharia
Sharia Consists of Quran+ Interpretations by Ulama(Holy Men)
Ummyad Sunni
These two denominations have conflicts in islam Sunni Shia
Since pictures or sculptures were frowned upon oin worship areas the Muslims became skilled in this art of Beautiful Handwriting Calligraphy
These are towers in which the muslims are called to prayer from Minarets
These are the Muslim places of worship Mosques
The islamic empire was all about Education
An example of Islamic Literature is Arabian Nights
After the death of Uthman this dynasty took over the islamic empire Abbasid
3 Islamic Urban Centers were Baghdad,Cairo,Cordoba
" People of the Book" Christians,Jews,Muslims
1200's Mongols destroy Baghdad
Persian Leaders...A.k.a Sultans took over what Islamic Urban Center? Baghdad
Sacred LAw Sharia
Sharia Consists of Quran+ Interpretations by Ulama(Holy Men)
Ummyad Sunni
These two denominations have conflicts in islam Sunni Shia
Since pictures or sculptures were frowned upon in worship areas the Muslims became skilled in this art of Beautiful Handwriting Calligraphy
These are towers in which the muslims are called to prayer from Minarets
These are the Muslim places of worship Mosques
The islamic empire was all about Education
An example of Islamic Literature is Arabian Nights
Abasid dynasty Shia
This Major trade route which consisted of multiple norther european regions and practiced common trade was called the Hanseatic League
Known as the "Black Death" it caused 1 out of every 3 people in europe to die in the 14th century Bubonic plaugue
Before Islam women were viewed as Property
Ghana was known as The land of the Gold
Arab traders helped spread islamic fath and expanded knowledge in africa
This western empire was located on the gold coast Mali
this emperor of Mali took all of the people in his kingdom for pilgramage to Mecca Mansa Musa
Mississippians People of the Mississippi plains
known as floating gardens, small, rectangle-shapes area of fertile arable land used for agriculture in the Xochimilco region of the Basin of Mexico chinampas
moldboard plow plow invented during the Middle Ages to improve farming effeciency
Time period between the postclassical era and the renaissance. Consists of Dark Ages and the High Middle Ages, in which the latter saw an improvement in trade, economy, and lives of peasants. Middle Ages
dhimmi) Christians and Jews who shared the Bible with Muslims, could be taxed by Muslims people of the Book
this is the ritual suicide/disembowelment in Japan (hara-kiri); demonstrating courage and restoring family honor seppuku
Warlord rulers who divided Japan into 300 little kingdoms Daiymo
is a formal recognition of the Chinese emperor's authority, where representatives from tribute states would present gifts and engage in a formal bowing ceremony Kow-tow
capital city of the Incan Empire Cuzco
city founded by the Aztecs in 1325 Teotihuacan
Cortes Spanish explorer who defeated the Aztec Empire and brought most of Mexico under Spanish control Herman Cortes
religious controversy with the Byzantine Empire in the 8th century; emperor attempted to suppress veneration of icons Iconclasscism
Nobles fed up with King John made him sign what Great Charter that made sure king got approval of aristocracy before imposing taxes, etc, limited king’s power Magna Carta
Subordinate who, in exchange for land, gives loyalty Vassell
System where both parties benefit - such as feudalism in Europe - protection for labor Reciprocal Relationship
Chinese ships equipped with watertight bulkheads, sternpost rudders, compasses, and bamboo fenders. Played major roles in the Asian seas east of the Malayan peninsula Junks
movable type By johaness Gutenburg invented in China in the mid-eleventh century. Individual characters made of fired clay were assembled and glued onto a plate to create a printing block. Introduced in Europe in the 15th century
landscape painting Popular artistic style in China during the Tang-Song era.
Grandson of Genghis Khan Kublai Khan
fiefs Plots of land owned by a lord, little kingdoms
reciprocal relationship System where both parties benefit - such as feudalism in Europe - protection for labor
Spanish conquerer who defeated the Incan Empire of Peru from 1535-1540
samurai Japanese feudal military leaders, rough equivalent of Western knights
King John Younger brother of King Richard, & bad king of England basically
these people were te reason islam didnt spread to russia The golden Horde
Parliament Beginning in England with a House of lords (aristocracy) and House of Commons (rich merchants) governing legislative body
1271 to 1368, also called the Mongol Dynasty. Period of Kublai Kahn and the Mongols dominance over China Yuan Dynasty
Port city of Mali; located just off the flood plain on the great bend in the Niger River Timbuktu
Japanese lord who wielded most power while the emperor was controlled Shogun
The Christian church characterized by an episcopal hierarchy with the pope as its head and belief in seven sacraments and the authority of tradition The Roman Catholic Church
The state church of Greece, an autonomous part of the Eastern Orthodox Church Greek Orthodox Church
a man who rules a family, clan or tribe Patriarchal
Divide of the Christian church whereby for a time there were two popes The Great Schism
The Way of Changes, a Chinese classic written by Lao Tzu around the 3rd century BC It is the fundamental text of Taoism Tao Te Cheng
Religion of early Japanese culture; devotes worshipped numerous gods and spirits associated with the natural world; offers of food and prayer made to gods and nature spirits SHinto
In Christian theology, legalism is belief, stated or supposedly implied, that law, not faith, is the pre-eminent principle of redemption Legalism
Rock Islamic shrine in Jerusalem; believed to be the site where Muhammed ascended to Heaven Dome of the rock
Charles the Great; Carolingian monarch who established substantial empire in France and Germany Charlemagne
Social codes of knighthood that originated in France in the Middle Ages; associated with ideals of knightly virtues, honour and of courtly love; came to known as 'gentlemanly conduct.' Chivalry
series of military adventures initially launched by western Christians to free Holy Land from Muslims Crusades
obligatory religious duties of all Muslims: confession of faith, prayer (5 times a day facing Mecca), fasting during Ramadan, zakat (tax for charity), and the hajj (pilgrimage) Five pillars of Islam
1170s – 1227) from 1206 khagan of all Mongol tribes; responsible for conquest of northern kingdoms of China and territories as far west as the Abbasid regions Genghis Kahn
any opinions/doctrines at variance with the established or orthodox position; beliefs that reject the orthodox tenets of a religion heresies
1337 – 1453) conflict between England and France –fought over lands England possessed in France (issue of feudal rights vs. emerging claims of national states) hundred years war
she was trial for heresy and her execution by burning at the stake. Joan of arc
a group of Germanic tribes in the early Christian era; spread from the Rhine into the Roman Empire Franks
large church constructed in Constantinople during the reign of Justinian Hagia Sophia
An investigation; A tribunal formerly held in the Roman Catholic Church and directed at the suppression of heresy Inquisition
Early Frankish king; converted Franks to Christianity C. 496; allowed establishment of Frankish kingdom King Clovis
An African state that developed along the upper reaches of the Nile C 100 BCE; conquered Egypt and ruled it for several centuries Kush
Country of western Africa; During the Middle Ages, Mali formed a huge territorial empire, noted as a center of Islamic study and as a trade route for gold. Its center was Timbuktu MAli
The district over which a lord had domain and could exercise certain rights and privileges in medieval western Europe manors
A Venetian trader that went and learned about China under Kublai Khan Marco Polo
Succeeded Mongol Yuan in 1360 lasted till 1644, characterized by great trade expeditions that were withdrawn Ming
Creator of one of the great syntheses of medieval learning; believed that through reason it was possible to know much about natural order, moral law, and nature of God Aquanis
Created by: pikevilleimanali on 2010-10-13



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