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A foundation used where the ground is of a poor unstable quality. Pre-cast concrete beams are driven vertically into the ground, accompanied by a concrete ‘Ring beam’. Pile Foundation
A foundation where Pads are placed at strategic points, with concrete beams placed across each pad to spread the load. Pad Foundation
Used In the bottom section of concrete foundations and within concrete lintels, this provides the element or component with a resistance against the stress known as tension. Steel reinforcement
This material will prevent the infiltration of water from the ground into the floor slab concrete. It is positioned below the floor slab concrete and insulation, but over a layer of sand to prevent accidental puncturing of the material. Damp Proof Membrane
This is a dry concrete mix placed within the cavity and importantly below ground level. Its purpose is to support the foundation wall below ground level. Cavity Fill
Placed along a bed joint, this component prevents dampness rising from the ground into the brickwork. It is essential that the ground level surrounding the building is no less than 150mm below the DPC Damp Proof Course
A wall which supports any upper floors or roof Load bearing wall
With this form of floor construction Joists are either i) built into the inner skin of brickwork, ii) sat upon small walls (dwarf/sleeper wall), or iii) into a joist hanger. Suspended timber floor
This form of floor construction is laid in a similar way to joists. Here 50 mm thick timbers are laid onto a solid concrete floor without fixing. The decking is then fixed on the timbers. Floating Floor
Constructed on a sub-base incorporating hardcore, damp proof membranes and insulation. The depth of the hardcore and concrete will depend on the building Solid concrete floor
Joists that are machined to exactly the same depth regularised joists
Created by: 1283390588